Best Glucosamine For Dogs

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Dog Glucosamine Overdose

Dog Glucosamine Overdose

If your dog suffers from arthritis and finds it difficult getting up, climbing stairs and doing everyday work, your veterinarian will most probably prescribe some glucosamine supplement. It’s the drop in glucosamine levels in your dog’s bones and cartilages that leads to joint pain.

While it’s generally safe to give your dog glucosamine, there is always a chance of a dog glucosamine overdose. There are various ways your dog may suffer from an overdose. For example, glucosamine is today found in everything ranging from ‘senior dog food’ to dog treats and supplements.

Possible causes for dog glucosamine overdose

Sometimes in a bid to give instant relief to your dog, you may start giving him all of these products at once. And if you don’t keep a tab on the total amount of glucosamine that enters your dog’s body, you may end up feeding your dog with much more than required.

Or it’s possible your dog loves the taste of his chews so much that he ends up eating as much as he can get his hands on. You don’t have to worry much in such situations because an overdose of a dog food supplement is not very dangerous to him. It’s only in rare cases that he ends up with a serious toxic overdose because of consuming an extremely high amount of glucosamine.

However, things can get toxic and dangerous for your dog if he consumes human glucosamine supplements. This is because human supplements contain not only glucosamine but other ingredients in different doses which may be safe for humans but are toxic to your dog.

Some of these ingredients include excess iron or vitamin D, the artificial sweetener xylitol, caffeine, Ma Huang and 5-HTP. And as most human vitamins and supplements are also not regulated by FDA, it makes a dangerous combination for your dog.

Symptoms of glucosamine overdose in dogs

There are various side effects your dog may go through because of a glucosamine overdose. The immediate symptoms you may notice is some vomiting and diarrhoea which stops with some OTC medication. It’s in serious cases of an overdose that you have to be able to identify the other symptoms like:

  • Abnormal bone growth
  • Internal damage or haemorrhage
  • Bone, cartilage or muscle pain
  • Agitation or lethargy
  • Jaundice
  • Frequent urination
  • Kidney damage that leads to more thirst
  • Even coma in extreme cases.

So if you are not careful, you see that a glucosamine overdose can be fatal for your dog.

Glucosamine contraindications

While glucosamine is safe for most dogs, it’s unsafe for some canines. So if your dog suffers from any one of the following conditions, then it’s better to avoid giving them glucosamine because they may suffer from other problems upon taking the supplement.

  • Dogs suffering from diabetes shouldn’t be given glucosamine because it contains glucose that’s difficult for your dog to assimilate.
  • Dogs with kidney damage shouldn’t take glucosamine because it can induce kidney damage.
  • Dogs with liver problems should avoid glucosamine because it’s toxic to them, even in low doses.
  • Pregnant or lactating dogs should not be given glucosamine because it affects the puppies.

Treatment for glucosamine overdose

In case of a mild overdose where your dog starts vomiting or has diarrhoea because of the overdose, your veterinarian will prescribe some OTC drug like Pepcid AC for a few days. The usual dose is about 0.25 to 0.5 mg per pound of your dog’s weight to be given orally every 12 hours. It’s better to not give your dog any food for about 24 hours, but give him lots of water. You can start feeding him the next day with about four to five small, light meals throughout the day.

Ideal meals are chicken, scrambled egg or fish and some rice. If he seems interested in eating and has worked up an appetite, then you can slowly return to his normal diet in the next few days. In case of an extremely large overdose, then it’s better to make your dog vomit immediately so that most of the glucosamine leaves his body. This is best done within an hour of his ingestion because it minimizes the chances of any side effects.

You can induce vomiting in your dog by giving him one teaspoon of 3% of hydrogen peroxide per ten pounds of body weight, orally. He should start vomiting within 15 to 20 minutes, and if he doesn’t, then you can repeat the procedure. However, it is even better if you go to your vet who can induce vomiting even quicker through some prescription drugs.

How to prevent a dog glucosamine overdose

The best way to prevent a glucosamine overdose is to consult your vet before giving your dog any supplement or treat containing glucosamine. While they do give relief from arthritis pain and discomfort, it’ll work safely for your dog only if you give it in right amounts. Your veterinarian will be able to calculate and decide on the right amount of glucosamine to give your dog. And for this to happen it’s important that you mention all the pet treats and supplements you give or plan to give your dog.

Not providing the right information will lead to a wrong calculation on your doctor’s part and consequent possible overdose when you give your dog additional glucosamine treats. You also have to make sure you stick to your veterinarian’s prescribed dosage and recommended brands, and don’t make any changes without his consent. You also have to tell your veterinarian about any medications you are giving your dog. This is because some medicine may weaken or reduce the effect of the glucosamine tablets and others may intervene with the working of the tablets. And once you start giving your dog glucosamine supplements or tablets, it’s important that you keep a watch on your dog for improvements, and consult your vet if you notice any unusual symptoms.

You can also prevent a glucosamine overdose by restricting his access to the supplement. This means you have to keep all his chews and supplements out of his reach. He has a strong sense of smell, so it’s not enough to just wrap the tablets in some plastic cover and chuck it deep into a drawer! You have to place it in places far beyond his reach like atop the fridge and in upper cabinets that have doors.

How to treat dog eye infection at home

how to treat dog eye infection at home

You needn’t worry if your dog has an eye infection because this is a common canine problem. While all dogs are susceptible to dog eye infections, puppies are more prone to infections than adult dogs. Although any dog may get dog eye infections, its dogs with drooping eyes or large skin folds around the eyes who are more susceptible.

Unfortunately, sometimes you may not even notice the infection because its symptoms appear only after some time. But it’s important the condition is treated because it not only leads to pain and discomfort in your dog, it can cause permanent eye damage spread to other body parts like brain if untreated.

Your veterinarian will prescribe some topical ointments and eye drops and perhaps even prescription medicine for the canine eye infection. However, there are also some home remedies that can help.


It’s usually bacterial or viral infections that trigger an eye infection. Sometimes contact with infected human hands, foreign substances and flying insects may trigger the infection. There’s also a chance of the eye infection getting triggered by food allergies or viruses in the air.


Thick, mucus-like discharge that’s greenish or yellowish in colour present in one or both eyes is its main symptom. The discharge may also be accompanied by other symptoms like red eyes, squinting, and consistent rubbing of the eyes with paws and partially or completely closed eyes.

  1. Salt or saline solution rinse

Saline solution rinse is the perfect home remedy, especially for those infections that are secondary to allergens and irritants. As the rinse flushes out the affected eyes, this is the first remedy you should try out if you notice an infection in your dog’s eyes.

Of course, this home remedy works only if done properly, where you first have to mix half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of boiled, and cooled water. Then mix until the salt dissolves.

Now soak a clean cotton ball in the solution and apply to your dog’s infected eyes. Wipe off any discharge, debris and irritants you find. Always carefully wipe the eyes from the corners outwards, and not touch his eyeballs. You don’t want to risk scratching the cornea while trying to treat the eye infection!

It’s also worth splashing the saline solution to your dog’s eyes and then wiping it clean. However do this gently because too much of pressure only leads to more eye damage. Repeat twice a day till your dog’s eyes heal.

  1. Homemade herbal eye rinse

This homemade eyewash is made by pouring 10 or more drops of chamomile, or red clover, calendula, eyebright or St. John’s wort, into a cup. Then add a cup of purified water and a teaspoon of salt to it.

Now rinse your dog’s eyes with this rinse, using a dropper or cotton ball, twice or thrice a day. This has to be repeated till the infection subsides. This reduces any irritation and inflammation your dog has, which in turn promotes its healing.

  1. Dietary supplements

Improving your dog’s body immunity helps in fighting, and preventing future eye infections. This is best achieved through dietary supplements containing bioflavonoids and vitamins A and C, available online or at your pet food store. It’s better to buy supplements with minimal ingredients because it reduces the chances of any reactions.

  1. Lemon juice

You can try mixing 2 tablespoons of boiled or distilled water with 4-5 drops of fresh lemon juice and use a clean cotton ball or dropper to drop 2-3 drops in each eye. Repeat 2-3 times a day for relief.

While lemon juice can help treat dog eye infections, it should be used only if you are sure your dog has an eye infection and not conjunctivitis. This is essential as lemon juice doesn’t help in treating conjunctivitis.

  1. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar, especially the raw, unpasteurized version can help treat eye infections in dogs. Just pour 4-5 drops of it to a glass with 2 tablespoons of distilled, or boiled and cooled water. Mix and pour 2-3 drops of the solution to your dog’s eye 2-3 times a day.

  1. Chamomile tea

Chamomile is famous for its healing properties, which is how and why it can also treat your dog’s infected eye. You first have to make some chamomile tea by boiling some water and adding some chamomile tea or dropping a chamomile tea bag in it.

Let it steep for some time and then let it cool till slightly warm. Now put 2-3 drops of the tea to your dog’s eyes. You can use a Q-tip or clean cotton ball to clean your dog’s eyes surrounding areas with the remaining liquid.

Repeat this for about 2-3 times every day till the infection subsides. You can also apply the cooled down tea bag on your dog’s eyes a few times a day for additional relief.

When you have to consult your vet

While home remedies to help treat a canine eye infection, sometimes the infection may be severe and require medical intervention. It’s also not advised to treat your dog at home for more than three days, especially if there are no signs of relief. You also have to ensure your dog doesn’t frequently paw or scratch the infected eye as it can worsen the infection.

It’s also helpful if you can gauge the eye infection’s severity. Sometimes your dog may be squinting only because of some harmful particle in the eye, which a rinse easily clears. There’s also the possibility that your dog’s infection may be due to some internal trauma inflicted during his last week’s fight.

It’s, however, time to consult your vet if there’s blood or yellow pus oozing from the eyes. Even poor appetite, lethargy and even your dog finding it difficult to open his eyes or the cause of the infection being some trauma are all reasons that warrant an immediate visit to the vet. Remember, eye infections that don’t heal may indicate a tumour, or presence of some foreign particle in the eye.

So you basically have to watch your dog, gauge the severity of the infection. While you may experiment and get the infection treated with a home remedy, make sure it’s working. If there are no changes, then see your vet because negligence on your part can lead to serious future repercussions.

Dog Conjunctivitis Treatment

Dog conjunctivitis treatment

Conjunctivitis is a condition that not only affects humans, but also dogs of any breed. As the name suggests, it is a condition where the eye conjunctiva gets irritated and swollen. It can be triggered by various causes like airborne allergies, dry eye or some other conditions like canine distemper. It may at times also accompany some respiratory or eye injury or infection.


Symptoms of the condition include bloody eyes and swollen eyelids because of the inflammation of the eye’s cornea and tissues surrounding the inner eyelids. The eyes also usually start producing lots of tears and your dog may end up scratching or pawing the eye region. It is in severe cases that the eyes swell so much that your dog can’t even open or close his eyes completely. And in rare cases, the condition can lead to blindness due to permanent cornea damage.


Your veterinarian will conduct a physical examination to diagnose the condition. The examination is started by applying a drop of anaesthetic drops to the eye. The drop numbs the eye surface and makes it easy for your veterinarian to conduct the examination. This is when your vet will look to ascertain if the infection is due to some foreign object, wound or something else, and treat it accordingly.

Initial cleaning

And before any treatment is done, it is okay and important to first clean your dog’s eyes to remove any dirt or discharge it may have. This is easy to do. You just have to pour some lukewarm water into the dog’s eyes, and then use a clean piece of cloth to wipe the eyes.

Simple remedies

Depending on the severity of the condition, there are various treatment options you can try for your dog’s eyes. It ranges from using eye drops and ointments for relief from the discomfort to opting for surgery in the extreme cases.

There are also some simple remedies you can try at home, but whatever you do; you need to first determine the trigger for the condition. Sometimes a foreign body stuck in the eye can lead to conjunctivitis which has to be removed before starting any treatment. In such cases, it is better to approach your veterinarian to remove the object. You may only end up causing additional damage to your dog’s sensitive eyes while trying to remove it.

Dog conjunctivitis treatment options

It’s safe to try treating your dog at home if it is a mild case of conjunctivitis, without any ulceration. You can try cleaning and treat the eye irritation using distilled water. The effects are enhanced if you mix some herbal tinctures of Calendula, Sanicula, Pulsatilla, Euphrasia, Chamomile or St. John’s wort with the water.

However, you will have to first heat the distilled water a bit. Then add a few drops of your chosen tincture to the slightly hot water. The next step involves using an eye dropper to rinse your dog’s eyes with this solution. It is safe to use the solution a maximum of three to four times a day, and make sure any excess solution remaining around the eyes is wiped off.

Herbal tea compress

In case your dog is not so cooperative, and you are finding it difficult using the eye drops to apply the solution to his eyes, then you can try using herbal eye compresses. This is also easy to make because you just have to make a herbal tea. The alternative option is to soak a compress in the distilled water solution. You then have to apply, and hold the compress onto your dog’s eyes for about 5 to 10 minutes, three to four times a day. There should be some improvement in your dog’s condition within a maximum of two weeks’ time. If not, it is better to consult your veterinarian.


Vitamins can help your dog by reducing the conjunctivitis swelling and irritation. Vitamins E and C help reduce the inflammation while vitamin A helps treat irritation in the cornea. As cod oil has vitamin A, you could alternatively apply a drop of cod oil to your dog’s eyes every day.

Other treatment options

Your veterinarian will suggest other appropriate treatment options. Once the main cause of the infection is ascertained, your vet will most probably prescribe some antibiotic treatment, along with some drops or ointments for direct application to the eyes. Antibiotics not only treat the condition but also prevent a reoccurrence.


In case the conjunctivitis is due to some allergy, and then based on the allergy, your dog may be prescribed antihistamines, allergy shots or some corticosteroids. And in case the conjunctivitis is associated with some other ailment like upper respiratory infection, then your vet may prescribe some antibiotics and oral medications. Though there usually is some improvement in the eyes within a few treatments, you still have to complete the prescribed, full treatment course.


Surgery may be required to treat the misshaped eyelid if the conjunctivitis is due to entropion. And if your dog has a dry eye condition, then he may require some long-term management treatment to control the condition.

The veterinarian usually suggests visits during the course of treatment to ascertain how well your dog is responding to the prescribed treatment. It is during these visits that your vet decides if the treatment has to be changed or continued. It’s only in rare cases that your veterinarian will resort to surgically removing the eye so that there is no chance of any further inflammation, infection or pain.

Preventive measures

As always known, prevention is always better than cure. Instead of letting your dog go through the trauma of a conjunctivitis infection, it is better to adopt some measures to prevent an infection.

You can perhaps minimize your dog’s exposure to airborne triggers like cigarette smoke, dust and perfumes and keep a check on your dog while playing. This prevents the risks of any trauma like blows to the eyes. It also helps if you maintain your dog’s vaccinations so that your dog is protected from systemic diseases like canine distemper that affect the whole body and induce conjunctivitis.

What can I give my dog for arthritis pain over the counter?

What can I give my dog for arthritis pain over the counter

It is difficult for dog owners to see their dog writhing in pain. You just want to do something to help him out and get him some respite from the pain. As you get lots of pain relief taking over-the-counter pain medication like aspirin or ibuprofen for your joint pain, the first thought that usually comes to mind is to give your dog one too.

However, this is a grave mistake you should never make. This is because any human and OTC medications can do more harm than good to your dog if given without your veterinarian’s permission. It is especially fatal giving your dog painkillers like Advil, aspirin and Tylenol for the following reasons:

What aspirin does to your dog

Aspirin is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that works by restricting the functioning of the enzyme cycloxygenase in their body. Though this produces prostaglandins that elevate fever, pain and inflammation, prostaglandins also have other important roles in the dog’s body. For example, it is responsible for maintaining the right blood flow to the kidneys. The mucus layer it produces also protects the gastrointestinal tract’s inner lining from stomach acid and normal blood clotting.

So if your dog is given aspirin, these functions are automatically reduced. This, in turn, can lead to other problems in your dog like intestinal problems like vomiting, diarrhea and appetite loss, bleeding problems and kidney or liver dysfunction in your dog. As the drugs can also lead to death in adverse conditions, dogs should not be given any aspirin, Advil (ibuprofen) or other anti-inflammatory medicine human take.

There are various reasons for dogs developing this problem with NSAID. For some dogs, it may be a high dose, while others may have an adverse reaction to human NSAID brands even if the dog is given the right dosage. And in other cases, dogs develop problems because of the simultaneous use of NSAID with other medications like corticosteroids. It may also be because the dog is suffering from other health conditions like liver and kidney disease

Effects of acetaminophen on your dog

Tylenol or acetaminophen is not advised for dogs because though it does help reduce pain and fever without helping inflammation much, too much of the drug destroys your dog’s liver cells. It can also make hemoglobin convert to methemoglobin which in turn leads to poor oxygen delivery in the body and also possible kidney damage.

Safe canine pain medications

Instead of taking the risk and giving your dog these human NSAIDs and other pain relievers, it is better to give them some canine pain medications many companies have now designed. Examples are carprofen, meloxicam, etodolac and deracoxib which are safer and more effective for your dog than human medication. Your veterinarian will be able to ascertain the right medication and dosage for your dog based on your his health history.

Other natural pain relief options

There are other safe and sustainable treatment options available for your dog. It is not necessary that only pain relief drugs can give pain relief. Inflammatory conditions in dogs also respond well to dietary modifications, supplements, some exercise and various natural remedies.

Natural supplements help

  • For example, including more omega-3 fatty acid supplemented foods like eicosapentaenoic acid and fish oil helps reduce joint inflammation and its associated pain.
  • There are also dog joint supplements like chewable glucosamine chondroitin which with regular use, can help reduce the pain and discomfort of arthritis.
  • Your veterinarian may also prescribe glucosamine injections with the tablets if your dog suffers from chronic arthritis and needs immediate and quick relief.
  • As fresh basil also has great anti-inflammatory properties, it’s worth including it to your dog’s diet.
  • Sometimes the cause for your dog’s joint pain may be that he’s not producing sufficient vitamin C. This is when vitamin C supplements can help as its anti-inflammatory properties are helpful at reducing inflammation and the pain to improve joint health. Based on your dog’s size, you can give him anywhere between100-400 IU of vitamin C every day. However, it is also important that you do not overdose on vitamin C as too much of it is bad for cartilage health.

Safe home

You can also make your home safer and more comfortable for your dog by making him sleep on soft bedding and using comfortable and soft rugs and carpets so that he does not feel any pain while sleeping or sitting on them.

It is especially important that the top of hardwood and tiles are covered with rugs, and that you get rid of any slippery or hard surfaces in your house. Not only will bad flooring increase the pain, but the chances of accidents are increased because of low traction.

Weight reduction

Like humans, overweight dogs also get relief from arthritis by reducing their weight. So start some regular exercise for your dog, along with a healthy, low-calorie density diet which should contain his normal amounts of protein.

This way your dog not only reduces weight but at the same time maintains his muscle mass and strength. This is essential as it is not enough for your dog to just lose weight. He needs the muscular mass as it helps reduce the stress on joints and overall body inflammation.


So taking a look at all this, it looks like it is better to use natural supplements, a healthy diet and regular exercise and some joint pain supplements for relief from canine arthritis pain. It is way better than depending on or giving your dog over-the-counter pain medications to treat the condition.

In case it is a really severe case of arthritis, where natural remedies do not prove helpful, then your veterinarian may advise physical therapy, cold laser treatments, acupuncture or some other similar treatment options for pain relief.

So whatever you do, it is better to not give your dog OTC medications but to consult your veterinarian for the right treatment for your dog. He will assess the condition and according to your dog’s age and size depends on the best treatment option for your dog.

Glucosamine injections for dogs

glucosamine injections for dogs

Glucosamine injections are prescribed as a remedy for deteriorating joints, especially the hip and knee joints, in both humans and animals. It is a cartilage-building compound that is used mainly for treating osteoarthritis where joints become stiff and brittle.

It is not exactly known if injecting glucosamine is a better treatment option than taking it in the capsule form. This is why it is usually resorted to as a last resort for treating joint pain in humans. It, however, is a more common osteoarthritis treatment option for animals particularly for horses and dogs.

Which is better- injection or oral glucosamine?

There is not much of research supporting the use of glucosamine injection over oral glucosamine through pills. This because some doctors proclaim that the body is more adept at absorbing and processing the compound once it digests and breaks down in the stomach. However, there are also other doctors who proclaim that direct administration through injections is a more effective means of providing pain relief. However, there is still no medical evidence proving or supporting any of this.

Veterinarians and doctors generally prescribe some oral glucosamine first before injections as there are not many side effects related to it. The most that may happen is some shellfish allergies in individuals and possible diarrhoea or vomiting in dogs. However with injections comes the risk of an infection, some stiffness and soreness, which doesn’t exist with oral doses. Besides, injections are more expensive than oral glucosamine. This is why glucosamine injection is prescribed by doctors for humans and veterinarians for dogs only if oral glucosamine does not help give relief from osteoarthritis.

Injections are given in intervals, and its intervals are calculated and determined based on the severity of the condition and how the body responds to it. Glucosamine injections are especially common in veterinary conditions like racehorses that are prone to knee problems and dogs suffering from arthritis. Injections are the preferred choice here mainly because horses and dogs cannot absorb oral glucosamine. Injecting injections to the problematic joint gives lots of pain relief.

Typical glucosamine injection treatment

The inflamed joints partially absorb the glucosamine once it’s injected into the dog’s muscles to lubricate and soothe the joint, and to reduce friction. The reduction in friction leads to a reduction in the agony and swelling at joints. Instead of just reducing pain like NSAIDs do, glucosamine injections are also helpful for rebuilding cartilage at the joint.

The injection helps slow down the development of arthritis in dogs and also reduces joint damage by supporting the repair of cartilage matrix and reducing joint and its fluid damage. So in other words, it not only treats the symptoms of arthritis in dogs, it also treats its underlying causes. Glucosamine injections are intramuscular injections that usually reach the joint, and starts working in two hours. The glucosamine reaches joints much faster than oral medications.

And once injected its effects and benefits last for three days. In the long run, it helps in maintaining the lubrication in joints for easy movement and also makes life and movement more comfortable by reducing the pain and inflammation of arthritis. The injection is an intramuscular one that is given twice a week for a month. While it lasts in the joints for about three days and starts working in two hours’ time, you will see some changes and improvement in four weeks’ time. In fact, most dogs soon start playing and performing everyday work as they used to when younger.

How the injection treatment works

The arthritis treatment using glucosamine injections works in three methods:

  • The injection assists in the protection of cartilage by staying bound to it and stimulating the synthesis of collagen
  • It restricts the functioning of catabolic enzymes that reduces any complex organic composites into simpler ones.
  • It not only reduces discomfort but also helps improve anabolic activities by enhancing anabolic enzymes that help build complex organic molecules from simple ones.

Warnings and possible complications of glucosamine injection

The injection is not advised for injecting in dogs that are hypersensitive to glucosamine and in dogs that are suspected of suffering from bleeding disorders. It is not proven as yet if the injection is safe to use in dogs that are pregnant, fertile or even if they are nursing. It is also better to carefully use the injection in dogs suffering from renal problems. There is a possibility of dogs suffering from diarrhoea and unnatural bleeding which is not alarming and is not a reason to stop the therapy. Unlike oral glucosamine that is given to treat osteoarthritis and may also be given to young dogs to prevent possible arthritis later on in life, glucosamine injections are given as the last resort to treat arthritis.


The dosage for injectable glucosamine is usually 0.02 mg per pound of the dog’s body weight. If it’s the first time you are giving your dog glucosamine injections, you have to follow a ‘loading dose’ schedule as it helps build the medication on your dog’s system. This loading dose schedule comprises of an intramuscular injection that is given every 4 days for a set of 8 injections. This means that you have to give your dog an injection, wait for four days and then give another injection till you complete a series of 8 injections.

Once the loading dose is done, you can give an injection every two to four weeks for maintenance reasons. Any missed dose should be given as soon as possible. However, if it is time for the next scheduled dose by the time you remember, then it is better to skip the missed dose and give the scheduled dose. Double doses are not advised at all.

Pros of glucosamine injection

  • Quickly reaches the painful joint, within two hours’ time
  • Reduces inflammation and the disease cycle of non-infectious arthritis
  • May eventually reduce the need for NSAIDs for pain relief
  • Helps support the cartilage matrix repair process
  • Gives results much faster and effectively than oral glucosamine
  • Reduces damage to joint and joint fluid
  • Stimulates the production of collagen in the cartilage
  • The body may use it to produce hyaluronic acid in synovial fluid


  • Need to make multiple visits to the vet clinic as it’s an intramuscular injection or you have to at least learn how to give an intramuscular injection
  • More expensive than oral glucosamine
  • There is a chance of dogs biting as they tend to despise getting injections
  • As glucosamine may interfere with glucose metabolism, consult your veterinarian before starting the injections if your dog has diabetes
  • Should be used with caution in dogs suffering from kidney or liver disease and blood clotting or coagulation problems.

How to give glucosamine injections

Being an intramuscular injection, most dog owners prefer taking their dogs to the veterinarian to give a glucosamine injection. However, if you want to avoid making multiple trips to the vet then it is possible to learn how to give the injection at home.

You first have to choose the right place to give the injection. This should be a spot where there is suitable lighting and on a surface that is not slippery for your dog to lie down on. It is generally better to have a friend or family member to help you give your dog the injection, especially if it’s the first time you are doing this. You may need someone to hold your dog tight enough so that your dog’s head is under control.

Preparing for the injection

You first have to ensure the needle is not only clean, but also straight. Then shake the glucosamine bottle so that the medicine remains consistent. Next using one hand, tip the medicine bottle upside down and then place the syringe in its centre hole in the rubber part using the other hand.

Now slowly fill the syringe till it reaches the desired quantity or dose for your dog. You next have to pull out the plunger while making sure that there are no air bubbles in the syringe. In case you notice air bubbles, you have to push the plunger by squirting liquid back into the jar till they disappear. You next have to choose where to give the injection. Most dog owners prefer giving it in the hamstring or the fleshy part of the back leg as there are minimal pain and discomfort here.

Administering the injection

An intramuscular injection, you first have to part your dog’s fur at the injection site so that the skin is visible. Though it’s better, it’s not actually necessary to sterilize the injection spot unless it’s not clean. If you feel it’s better to clean the area, then you can swab it with alcohol. However, you have to wait till the area is completely dry before giving the injection.

You next have to uncap the sterile needle and syringe and hold it like you were holding a pencil. Then scratch the area you plan to inject with your free hand. Keep scratching till you insert the needle as it confuses the ‘pain pathway’ of the nerve endings. This, in turn, makes the injection less painful. Then using a slow, continuous push, insert the needle into the skin and muscle at a ninety-degree angle. The needle should be inserted to its full length, and then push the plunger down to administer the medicine inside the liquid.

It’s now time to carefully withdraw the needle and properly dispose of the needle and syringe in a labelled needle disposable container. Massage the site where you had injected your dog for a few seconds to help in the dissipation of the medicine. This also helps relieve any discomfort the injection may have caused your dog.

About Adequan Canine- a glucosamine injection

Adequan Canine is a prescription glucosamine injection for dogs suffering from osteoarthritis and degenerative joint disease. It is also prescribed to dogs recovering from a surgery and is an injectable polysulfated glycosaminoglycan. Adequan Canine is at present the only FDA approved injection which has been clinically proven to treat arthritis while giving pain relief.

Though there are other medications that can help treat osteoarthritis like Deramaxx and Metacam, Adequan Canine is clinically proven to relieve pain while treating osteoarthritis. There is a DVD available that teaches you how it’s possible to manage canine arthritis in your hospital using Adequan Canine injections. It basically teaches you all about the latest protocols employed for managing joint health and is definitely worth a watch. Instead of just reading about glucosamine injections, it effects and how to administer it, you can watch everything on the DVD.

What are the Differences Between Human and Dog Glucosamine?

what is the difference between human and dog glucosamine

Arthritis is a bone condition where there is a breakdown of the cartilage in the joints. Cartilage is important for the smooth movement of joints. So it is once it starts breaking down that you find it difficult bending, walking and even doing simple, everyday things like getting up from the bed.

This is when arthritis pain starts in joints like legs and hips. It can occur in both humans and most animals, including dogs. And a common treatment option for arthritis in humans and dogs is prescribing joint supplements containing ingredients like glucosamine.

What is glucosamine?

Glucosamine is basically a natural cartilage building block which is used by the body much faster than it’s produced as the body ages. Glucosamine products help replenish these depleting glucosamine levels and in the process, provide some relief from arthritis symptoms.

With both humans and dogs finding relief from arthritis through the same supplements, many wonder if it’s safe to give human glucosamine to dogs and if there is any major difference between the two.

Well, the answer to this question is that while it’s safe to give human glucosamine to dogs, there are these major differences between the two.

  1. Two types of glucosamine

The first thing to know is that there are two types of glucosamine used in joint aide products- glucosamine sulphate and glucosamine hydrochloride. While both types are available at any health store, it’s general products containing glucosamine hydrochloride that are better for your dog as they are more readily absorbed by them.

  1. Varied composition

Different aide products have different compositions where the human supplements are generally made using 99% strength glucosamine hydrochloride. On the contrary, dog specific supplements contain 90% strength glucosamine.

However, if you compare the working between the two, the dog formulas are designed to give the quickest relief from pain. This is because most of the substance is directly absorbed into the dog’s system.

  1. Difference in regulation

Human and dog glucosamine have different regulations. The dog options are generally highly regulated while the human versions are considered more of a dietary aide. This is why they are not regulated by the FDA. So by choosing and giving your dog a dog specific product, you know it’s regulated and know what you are giving your dog.

  1. Price difference

There is a huge difference between the two types of products where the ones meant for dogs are more expensive than the human varieties. This may be attributed to the fact that the dog supplements are FDA regulated.

However, it is not necessary that the most expensive one is always the best. It’s always better to compare the ingredients between different products to ensure you are paying a worthy rate.

  1. Food safety

While the human grade variety is safe to give your dog, those labelled ‘pet food’ or ‘pet grade food’ may contain some ingredients that are not FDA approved or rendered safe by the Meat Inspection Act or Pure Food and Drug Act for human consumption.

This is because many of the pet/animal varieties and foods contain animal products that are not legal or safe for people. On the contrary, dogs and other animals can anytime safely eat human food products.

  1. Food composition

The human grade glucosamine products are usually of a higher quality, and a purer form. Besides, the concentration also differs between different products. The products meant for dogs contain ascorbic acid or manganese, essential for the absorption of glucosamine in the dog.

In addition to this, the dog varieties may be fortified or flavoured with other minerals for your dog’s betterment, and also to make it more palatable to the dog. This is why you have bacon and cheese flavoured products to make them more appetizing to dogs.

So the benefit of giving your dog supplements meant for them is that you know they contain helpful and integral compounds. You also know that they come with the perfect dosage for your dog.

On the contrary, it is the other ingredients in the human varieties which may make a supplement unsafe for your dog. There are in fact some ingredients in some human options like chocolate and xylitol that are fatal to your dog.

  1. Different forms

There is another major difference between a pet and human joint aide product which is its form. The human varieties are meant to be swallowed and dissolved in the human digestive tract. However dogs have a shorter digestive tract than humans, so this means the ingredients have to be absorbed by the body before passing out through the body.

Dog types are generally chewable so that it’s easily broken up to be quickly absorbed. Human types, however, can end up just passing through the dog, without getting absorbed.

So looking at all these differences, you should know by now that the main differences between human and dog glucosamine are its form and dosage. Tablets that are not designed for dogs may not be useful for their joint problem as they will not get absorbed by the dog’s digestive tract.

Besides, there is a difference in the way dogs metabolize some vitamins and minerals when compared to humans. This is why though it’s tempting to give the same human glucosamine you take to your dog, it’s better to find a supplement that’s safe for your pet and has the appropriate dosage guidelines.

You should never give your dog the supplement based on your human dosage as humans and dogs have different glucosamine needs, requirements and dosages.

Doctors best Glucosamine/ Chondroitin MSM capsules Review

There is, however, one human glucosamine supplement that many dog owners take, and have safely given their dogs, which is Doctors best Glucosamine/ Chondroitin MSM capsules.

This is a dietary joint product from the company Doctor’s Best, containing natural and selected ingredients, making it one of the best in the market. It is unique in its working as it stops joint inflammation by attacking the root cause of inflammation. Not only does it treat joint inflammation, but also lubricates the joints and flushes out any anti-oxidation substances in the body.

The main ingredients are:

  • Collagen, cartilage’s major building block, is responsible for our body’s strong cartilage. Poor collagen levels lead to weak cartilage and consequent weak support structure that can lead to eventual joint degradation and pain.
  • Glucosamine sulphate is responsible for regenerating damaged and worn out cartilage and that helps improve joint lubrication and cartilage regeneration. This entire repair, in turn, leads to eventual joint movement and flexibility.
  • Chondroitin works with glucosamine to lubricate joints by attracting moisture to the joints.
  • Methylsulfonylmethane or MSM is a natural sulphur source that’s essential for the body to maintain healthy cell membranes, fight cell inflammation and help repair connective tissue.


The suggested dosage for adults is taking 4 capsules a day with food, or as recommended by your physician.


  • Doctor’s Best Glucosamine Chondroitin constitutes natural ingredients that are safe and effective in fighting and managing joint related problems.
  • Regular use of the supplement helps support joint health and flexibility, supports and maintains the body’s joints and even supports overall hair, nail and skin health.
  • Doctor’s Best is a famous company known for producing high-quality, safe and effective supplements and product, rendering this supplement safe to take too.
  • It is free of gluten, GMOs and soy
  • There is a money-back guarantee

Disadvantages of the product

  • There is the risk of the product not being safe for consumption by people who are allergic to shellfish
  • Though there is a return policy, it works out to be rather cumbersome and expensive to use.
  • You do not receive any free samples with a purchase.

Possible side effects

While there are no major side effects related to Doctor’s Best Glucosamine Chondroitin MSM, it may not be safe for people who are allergic to shellfish. It’s also advised to take this supplement with caution if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. The supplement hasn’t been evaluated safe for use by breastfeeding and pregnant women.


Doctor’s Best Glucosamine Chondroitin constitutes there of the best ingredients for a joint supplement in a single product. The only drawback in it is that it does not have minerals and vitamins to make it the perfect supplement.

With regular use, it reduces joint pain and damage so that you can continue with your work as usual. It in fact not only promotes stronger joints but also helps reduce future possible degeneration.

Though there are dog supplements meant solely for dogs, it’s relatively safe to use Doctor’s Best Glucosamine supplements for your dog. You can give one capsule each in the morning and evening with food and within a few months’ time, you find a noticeable difference in your dog’s gait and fitness. And in case your dog gives some problems taking it, you can always open the capsule and sprinkle it onto your dog food.

Can I give human glucosamine chondroitin to my dog?

You have found out that the limp your dog has is due to joint pain problems or arthritis. And your veterinarian prescribes a glucosamine chondroitin joint supplement for your dog. Though it may not cure osteoarthritis, it’s helpful for providing relief from joint pain and discomfort. This is when you wonder if you could give your dog the same human glucosamine chondroitin you are taking for your joint pain problems. You naturally feel that as both conditions require the same medication, you will save money if both you and your pet took the same treatment. Besides, it’ll also take up less space in your medicine cabinet!

It is true that glucosamine for dogs and human consumption are the same as they come from same or similar sources, and work the same in the different bodies. However, it’ll be better if you gave your pet dog supplements as humans and dogs have different glucosamine needs. It’s essential that you consider these needs before giving your dog human glucosamine as there are differences between the two you need to know:

Human options are comparatively expensive

Human supplements meet rigorous and strict standards of purity and safety than compared to a dog’s one. The additional quality stringencies mean that the manufacturers have to spend more money on their product.

They pass these added costs to consumers by quoting higher rates. So instead of saving money as you’d expected, you end up spending more money!

Problem feeding your dog

While human glucosamine cater to a human’s tastes, and if you don’t like its taste you still take it as you’ve paid for it. Besides, you can always try a new and different brand once the existing supply is over. However, dogs don’t so quickly eat things they don’t like. So if they don’t like the taste, they can’t be reasoned into taking it. You end up having to force feed your dog by pushing pills to the back of their throats or using oral syringes to swallow liquid options. There’s the chance of your dog vomiting when you force feed them, and sometimes liquids given in oral syringes can cause spills.

However, glucosamine for dogs come in forms that are readily given to dogs like treats or to mix in their food. Some powdered options are flavoured so that you can conveniently sprinkle it over your dog’s food and get them to eat it without a fuss. There are also glucosamine gravy and treats that dogs like for their enticing tastes.

May contain chemicals that are dangerous for dogs

And supposing a human glucosamine tastes pleasant, it usually contains chemicals and artificial sweeteners and flavours to remain calorie free while maintaining a pleasant taste. These artificial flavours and chemicals may cause side effects in your dog especially if they are intolerant or allergic to any of them.

Researchers also suspect that some of these substances also encourage weight gain and digestive problems and is connected to cancer and other diseases. While the chemicals will not harm a human’s massive body, dogs have smaller bodies and quickly experience its adverse side effects because the amount of chemicals in it is proportionately higher for their body weight.

Human options may induce weight gain

And if the supplement contains substances that induce weight gain, it’ll only make things worse for your dog as weight gain only encourages injury and wear and tear on your dog’s joints. On the contrary, dog varieties don’t contain much of these artificial flavours and chemicals. If there’s any, it’s in lesser amounts and safe for your dog. Some glucosamine for humans also contain salts that may irritate your dog. There are also some which may contain xylitol or chocolate, which are entirely safe for human consumption but can kill your dog.

However glucosamine for dogs are better for them as they taste better with flavours dogs enjoy like cheese and bacon flavour. So in other words, while it’s comparatively safe to give glucosamine by itself, it’s the other components that may cause problems and need consideration.

Human supplements may contain more glucosamine than required

The right dosage is calculated based on the weight and severity of the problem. In case of humans, adults need about 1,500 mg of glucosamine every day, and the effects appear after a few weeks or months of starting the treatment. Even a dog’s dosage depends on his weight. Dogs weighing 70 pounds may need between 1000 to 1500 a day while smaller dogs need a lower dose. While a bigger dog’s dosage may coincide with a human’s dosage, smaller dogs need less glucosamine.

So it’s important you give the right dosage for your dog if you plan to start human supplements and not give more than the recommended dosage. Too much of it can lead to bone growth abnormalities and internal damage like liver and kidneys damage in your dog with prolonged use.

Differences in digestive systems

The difference in the digestive tract and systems of dogs and humans is another reason why it’s better to give your dog pet supplements. Human varieties are made to be swallowed and dissolved in the human digestive tract.

However, a dog’s digestive tract is shorter than a human’s so there’s not much time for it to get absorbed before passing through the dog’s body. However chewable pet forms let the dog break the tablets up for easy absorption while human glucosamine tablets just end up passing through the dog.


So looking at all this, if you want to know ‘Can I give human glucosamine chondroitin to my dog?” well the answer is yes and no. It all depends on the supplement. If it contains just pure glucosamine chondroitin and is in a palatable liquid or powder form, and if it’s the correct dosage for your dog to get absorbed entirely, then it’s safe and beneficial at providing relief from your dog’s joint health.

However if the human variety contains other dangerous chemicals, artificial flavourings and if you cannot regulate the amount of glucosamine your dog gets per dose, then it’s better to give your pet dog supplements.

Why Glucosamine Chondroitin supplements are better for dogs

why glucosamine chondroitin supplements are better for dogs

One of the most common health problems your dog may face is bone and joint diseases like arthritis and hip or elbow dysplasia. While painkillers can provide temporary relief, joint supplements or chondroprotective help reduce joint damage and give your dog relief from pain and discomfort.

While veterinarians do prescribe these supplements to treat injured joints, you can also start giving them early in your pet’s life as a preventive measure. With as many as 80-90% of senior dogs suffering from arthritis, it’s highly likely that your pet too will develop it as he grows old. So he will benefit by taking these supplements as a preventive measure.

How glucosamine chondroitin works

Joint supplements help control and prevent inflammation, especially in areas with fluids and mucus. So it not only helps treat joint problems but can also help ease various other health problems. It can give relief to a hacking kennel cough induced by an inflamed trachea with mucous lining. Even problems like eye inflammations and frequent urination benefits from glucosamine and chondroitin.

And as some pets may develop stomach ulcers by taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucosamine chondroitin joint supplements are a better and safer treatment option for them. Besides, the stomach’s mucus or fluid layer of protection benefits from chondroprotective nutraceuticals like glucosamine and chondroitin and improves your dog’s health.

As joint supplements work naturally by changing body cells one at a time, it may take a few weeks to see any results. However just as they are slow to show changes, they also slowly leave the body if you stop giving your dog the supplement. So there will be some continued improvement after discontinuing the supplement for some time. There’s, however, no need to stop the supplement if your dog responds to it as these chondroprotective supplements are safe to use for extended periods, even a lifetime.

Different types of glucosamine supplements

The problem, however, lies in giving your dog the supplements as they come in various forms which your dog may dislike like tablets or liquid supplement. In fact, sometimes the struggle to get your dog to take the supplement can aggravate the condition and make it painful for your pet.

To make things worse, there is a chance of your dog thinking that the pain is because of the supplement you are trying to give, which in turn makes him even more reluctant and uncooperative to take the supplement. You can avoid all this if you give your dog his supplements using less stressful methods. Your dog’s weight is vital to assess your dog’s glucosamine needs. The standard dose is 750 mg of glucosamine for 50 pounds of your dog’s weight. It’s based on this that you have to choose if you want to give glucosamine in a pill, liquid or chewable form to your dog.


Most people find it most difficult to give a tablet to their dogs as he may not only refuse taking it but may also throw it out after swallowing it! There’s also the risk of your dog vomiting the pill if you force it down his throat, which is wasteful and creates a mess. Like some dog owners, you could consider mixing the pill with his food so that he eventually swallows it. However, there’s still the risk of your dog spitting out the pill or eating everything in the bowl, but the tablet.

In case you want to try forcing or shoving the pill down your dog’s mouth, you could hold his head down, and place the tablet deep into his mouth. Then close his mouth to prevent spitting it out. Whatever you do, make sure you check he has ingested the tablets as dogs can get tricky and stubborn if they have no intention of taking the pill!


Instead of going through all this trouble of giving pills, you could opt to provide chewable glucosamine chondroitin for dogs. It’s an easy means of ensuring your dog gets his recommended daily glucosamine. The chews are usually palatable and meaty, so there’s no need of encouraging your dog to eat it.

Treats are a better option for small statured dogs that need only one or two of them every day. This is because supplements in chewable treat form are made using calculated dosages for dogs weighing less than 50 pounds. While you can also give them to bigger dogs, they may need four to five chews everyday which can get expensive for you!

Liquid form

Liquid supplements usually come with a meaty taste and can be sprinkled over your dog’s food, which your dog will readily eat. There is also the gravy form that has a more meaty flavour. These options may, however, work out to be expensive if you have larger dogs and are better for dogs with a light appetite or who doesn’t empty his food.

Powder form

Glucosamine powder is comparatively the cheapest option available and can be sprinkled on your dog’s food. However, there’s the chance of your dog not eating it because he can make out the change in the food’s texture or flavour. Another option is making a paste with some water and using an oral syringe to give to your dog. This again may be difficult to feed bigger dogs as its difficult holding them down to do all this.

While the different types of the supplement have their advantages and disadvantages, the chewable glucosamine chondroitin for dogs seems to be the best option available. Not only are they tastier and readily accepted by your dog, but their nutrients are also easily absorbed as your dog chews them.

Just remember that different supplements have different mixtures of glucosamine and chondroitin. So choose wisely based on your pet’s weight, size, condition and any other medical factors where he may require more of the supplement. This is why it’s better to consult with your veterinarian to ensure your dog receives the necessary amount of glucosamine chondroitin through his chews.

How often should I give my dog glucosamine?

how often should i give my dog glucosamine

Glucosamine is a naturally occurring compound found in the body’s cartilage and synovial fluid. It helps maintain the bone structure and repairs any damages inflicted on it. While humans who have arthritis have been taking the supplement to soothe aching joints and prevent the disease, it’s now also given to dogs to help treat arthritis in dogs too.

Yes, dogs too suffer from deterioration of their joints and ligaments which leads to pain and mobility problems. Their inactivity can lead to other problems if not taken care of promptly. Veterinarians suggest changing the dog’s diet by giving them food that is infused with glucosamine.

While this may provide relief to some dogs suffering from joint pain, it may not be enough for other dogs. This is when you have to give them oral supplements containing glucosamine, with your veterinarian’s consultation.

Giving glucosamine supplements to your dog

Glucosamine supplements give your dog lots of relief from the pain and discomfort of arthritis. It’s when you spot signs of possible arthritis in your dog that you should consult your vet about the condition immediately to find out how you can give him relief from the pain and discomfort.

Glucosamine supplements for dogs come in various forms like chewable treats, pills, powders and liquids. However, this doesn’t mean that you can randomly pick and start giving your dog any one of the supplements. You have to make your choice based on your veterinarians’ suggestions which are usually based on your pooch’s breed and specific needs.

Sometimes glucosamine supplements may also be suggested for your dog as a preventive measure. Remember, the adage ‘prevention is better than cure’. It applies to your dog too as it’s always better to have him hale and healthy instead of waiting for him to start developing joint problems and then start giving him the supplement.

Most dogs are somewhat receptive to glucosamine supplements, and it’s not so difficult to give it to them. You have first to try giving the supplement to your dog directly, and if he refuses to consume it, you could camouflage it. This can be done by breaking up the pill or capsule and mixing it in his food, or you can wrap it in his favourite snack like cheese, deli meat or any of your dog’s favourite munchies.

How to choose the right joint supplement for dogs

There are many brands and types of joint supplements for dogs available in various dosages, forms and prices. They usually contain other ingredients along with glucosamine-like chondroitin, MSM, Vitamins E, D and C, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, yucca or garlic; it’s essential that you read it’s list of ingredients before giving the supplement to your dog.

Supplements suggesting a dosage of one 1500 mg tablet per 40 pounds of your dog’s body weight will not deliver 1500 mg of glucosamine as there are other ingredients in the supplement. It may have only 1000 mg of glucosamine, which may be insufficient for your dog.

These discrepancies in dosage and accurate ingredient labeling occur because these supplements are not medications and are thus not regulated by the FDA. So make sure you do your research, calculations and consultations with your vet before giving supplements to your dog. It is always better to choose supplements that have a guaranteed analysis and contact the company for third-party testing proof or verification of the report.

It is always better to start giving your dog a supplement with a single substance, or rather only glucosamine. This way you can not only accurately gauge its effects and benefits on your dog, but also find out how well your dog accepts the supplement. Once you feel your dog is comfortable with the supplement, and then you may try other supplements with additional ingredients.

Of the many ingredients found in these supplements, chondroitin sulphate is one ingredient that’s as important and effective at improving joint health like glucosamine. It’s because medical professionals believe that it helps hold or retain fluids in the cartilage, which in turn promotes joint mobility.

How often should I give my dog glucosamine?

Any of the standard delivery methods for glucosamine supplementation like pills, capsules, liquid, powder or intramuscular injections is efficient and acceptable for your dog. However when you are starting a supplement, start with a higher dosage level than in injections.

It helps compensate for the degradation that occurs during digestion. In case of injections, the glucosamine directly reaches the bloodstream and gives faster results than other supplements which are why it’s administered in lower dosages. Pills, capsules, powders and liquids all degrade at about the same rate in the stomach.


Comparing supplement costs

If you are comparing the costs of glucosamine supplements, you have to compare the cost per daily dosage of each product and not the price per ounce or tablet. As the amount of glucosamine per ounce or pill varies, you have to calculate the daily dosage cost for each product to find its exact value.

Also buy a supplement with a reasonable everyday dosage as some products need you give as many as eight capsules, twice or thrice a day for large dogs, which is a waste!

While glucosamine supplements will indeed help give your dog relief from the pain and discomfort of arthritis, you also have to maintain a healthy diet and provide your dog with sufficient exercise for relief from the discomfort of arthritis.

How to choose supplements with glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for dogs

glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for dogs

Did you know that dogs experience some similar aging health problems as humans? For example, they can develop arthritis which affects as many as 10 million adult dogs in the USA itself.

And it’s not easy seeing your dog limping around in discomfort and pain because of pain in their joints and hips. If you want to do something about it, you can by giving supplements containing glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate for dogs.

The problem, however, is that there are so many joint supplements available, it’s somewhat tricky finding the right one for your dog. Things get confusing when you ask friends and family for suggestions as different dogs respond differently to various supplements and dosages.

And it’s a waste of time and money trying out different products to see how your dog responds to them. While your veterinarian can help you out, it’s also better if you keep yourself informed about the available options.

Besides, you need to be careful while looking for joint supplements containing glucosamine for dogs because the nutraceutical market doesn’t have any regulatory laws or quality control board. So here’s some help in finding the right supplements for your dog.

1.Does he need one?

You need to find out if your dog needs a supplement as some dogs improve just through weight loss and regular, gentle exercises. However, you may have to start supplements if your dog finds it difficult even to stand or sit, performing even mild activities and tends to sleep more than usual. Also, loss of appetite, hot, swollen joints and a stiff and difficult-looking gait are all signs of arthritis that needs medication and pain relief.

2. Buy from reputable companies

If you are sure, your dog needs a supplement, make sure you buy something from reputable companies. This is important as the FDA doesn’t regulate dietary supplements. You have to check for the reliability, safety and quantity of ingredients used in the supplements by learning more about the company you plan to buy.

3. Learn about ingredients used

You need to find out if the components used in the product were tested for safety and efficiency in treating arthritis in clinical trials. Sometimes testimonials and letters attesting a product’s efficacy you find on the manufacturer’s website may be fake.

Even product reviews aren’t trustworthy as they may be made up. So look for a scientific analysis conducted by an independent company or university with data mentioning how effective the ingredients and supplements are.

The common ingredients in joint supplements are chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. They are structural components of healthy cartilage tissue which treats and controls osteoarthritis pain.

Other ingredients you may find in supplements include natural anti-inflammatories like omega-3 fatty acids, Boswellia, bromelain, ASU, MSM, vitamins C and D and bone health supporting ingredients like calcium, magnesium and vitamin E.

4. Place of manufacture

You also have to choose your supplement based on its area of production. Don’t rely only on the company’s office address listed on the bottle. You need to find out if the product is manufactured in the USA if that’s where it’s claimed to be produced.

This is essential as even though the ingredients may be safe and effective, you receive an adulterated supplement if it’s manufactured in a dirty manufacturing plant or while using poorly maintained equipment. Though there’s no guarantee, it’s safer to buy made in USA supplements than products made in countries like China, India or Mexico.

5. Ingredients’ place of origin

Most manufacturers outsource their components from the open market and don’t create their ingredients. Find out where the ingredients come from as though the product may be manufactured in the USA, the ingredients have to come from reputable sources.

You need to know if the glucosamine, chondroitin sulphate and other ingredients in the supplement are safe for your dog. There should not be any adulteration in the ingredients before they are used for making supplements as it only reduces the supplement’s working abilities

Remember, you will be regularly giving these joint supplements for dogs, for perhaps the rest of their life. And if there’s something unsafe in them, then while your dog may get some joint pain relief, they may end up suffering from some other complications or problems.

6. Right proportion and amount of ingredients

You also have to find out if the supplement contains the right amount of different ingredients for your dog size. For example, if your dog weighs eighty pounds, he needs about 1500 mg of MSM every day.

So while glucosamine supplements with 1000 mg of glucosamine and 500 mg of MSM will give him sufficient glucosamine, he only gets a third of the required MSM. As MSM, Glucosamine and Chondroitin sulphate are prescribed only once a day, supplements containing just 500 mg of MSM will not provide much joint pain relief to your dog.

Most pet owners make the mistake of just reading labels and giving the listed dose once a day. It’s usually products containing a bevy of ingredients that are more likely to hold the wrong proportion of ingredients in them. You thus end up with a supplement that is not so effective at treating your dog.

As other ingredients in the product may lead to the supplement’s poor absorption and efficiency, you need to find out not only how much glucosamine and chondroitin the supplement contains, but also if it contains other ingredients which may inhibit its performance.

These six tips should help you choose the right joint supplement for your dog. But remember, that you also have to incorporate a healthy diet for joints, and encourage your dog to do some regular light, gentle exercises. You can’t expect miracles from the supplements. They work better if taken while following a healthy, nutritional and meat-based diet with regular, mild exercise.

Last, but not least, make sure you regularly give your dog it’s supplements, and be patient for results. Your dog will take some time for improvement and feel better with the supplement. Of course, always consult your veterinarian before you start your supplements no matter if you are starting it for joint pain relief or as a preventative measure.