Best Glucosamine For Dogs

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Glucosamine injections for dogs

glucosamine injections for dogs

Glucosamine injections are prescribed as a remedy for deteriorating joints, especially the hip and knee joints, in both humans and animals. It is a cartilage-building compound that is used mainly for treating osteoarthritis where joints become stiff and brittle.

It is not exactly known if injecting glucosamine is a better treatment option than taking it in the capsule form. This is why it is usually resorted to as a last resort for treating joint pain in humans. It, however, is a more common osteoarthritis treatment option for animals particularly for horses and dogs.

Which is better- injection or oral glucosamine?

There is not much of research supporting the use of glucosamine injection over oral glucosamine through pills. This because some doctors proclaim that the body is more adept at absorbing and processing the compound once it digests and breaks down in the stomach. However, there are also other doctors who proclaim that direct administration through injections is a more effective means of providing pain relief. However, there is still no medical evidence proving or supporting any of this.

Veterinarians and doctors generally prescribe some oral glucosamine first before injections as there are not many side effects related to it. The most that may happen is some shellfish allergies in individuals and possible diarrhoea or vomiting in dogs. However with injections comes the risk of an infection, some stiffness and soreness, which doesn’t exist with oral doses. Besides, injections are more expensive than oral glucosamine. This is why glucosamine injection is prescribed by doctors for humans and veterinarians for dogs only if oral glucosamine does not help give relief from osteoarthritis.

Injections are given in intervals, and its intervals are calculated and determined based on the severity of the condition and how the body responds to it. Glucosamine injections are especially common in veterinary conditions like racehorses that are prone to knee problems and dogs suffering from arthritis. Injections are the preferred choice here mainly because horses and dogs cannot absorb oral glucosamine. Injecting injections to the problematic joint gives lots of pain relief.

Typical glucosamine injection treatment

The inflamed joints partially absorb the glucosamine once it’s injected into the dog’s muscles to lubricate and soothe the joint, and to reduce friction. The reduction in friction leads to a reduction in the agony and swelling at joints. Instead of just reducing pain like NSAIDs do, glucosamine injections are also helpful for rebuilding cartilage at the joint.

The injection helps slow down the development of arthritis in dogs and also reduces joint damage by supporting the repair of cartilage matrix and reducing joint and its fluid damage. So in other words, it not only treats the symptoms of arthritis in dogs, it also treats its underlying causes. Glucosamine injections are intramuscular injections that usually reach the joint, and starts working in two hours. The glucosamine reaches joints much faster than oral medications.

And once injected its effects and benefits last for three days. In the long run, it helps in maintaining the lubrication in joints for easy movement and also makes life and movement more comfortable by reducing the pain and inflammation of arthritis. The injection is an intramuscular one that is given twice a week for a month. While it lasts in the joints for about three days and starts working in two hours’ time, you will see some changes and improvement in four weeks’ time. In fact, most dogs soon start playing and performing everyday work as they used to when younger.

How the injection treatment works

The arthritis treatment using glucosamine injections works in three methods:

  • The injection assists in the protection of cartilage by staying bound to it and stimulating the synthesis of collagen
  • It restricts the functioning of catabolic enzymes that reduces any complex organic composites into simpler ones.
  • It not only reduces discomfort but also helps improve anabolic activities by enhancing anabolic enzymes that help build complex organic molecules from simple ones.

Warnings and possible complications of glucosamine injection

The injection is not advised for injecting in dogs that are hypersensitive to glucosamine and in dogs that are suspected of suffering from bleeding disorders. It is not proven as yet if the injection is safe to use in dogs that are pregnant, fertile or even if they are nursing. It is also better to carefully use the injection in dogs suffering from renal problems. There is a possibility of dogs suffering from diarrhoea and unnatural bleeding which is not alarming and is not a reason to stop the therapy. Unlike oral glucosamine that is given to treat osteoarthritis and may also be given to young dogs to prevent possible arthritis later on in life, glucosamine injections are given as the last resort to treat arthritis.


The dosage for injectable glucosamine is usually 0.02 mg per pound of the dog’s body weight. If it’s the first time you are giving your dog glucosamine injections, you have to follow a ‘loading dose’ schedule as it helps build the medication on your dog’s system. This loading dose schedule comprises of an intramuscular injection that is given every 4 days for a set of 8 injections. This means that you have to give your dog an injection, wait for four days and then give another injection till you complete a series of 8 injections.

Once the loading dose is done, you can give an injection every two to four weeks for maintenance reasons. Any missed dose should be given as soon as possible. However, if it is time for the next scheduled dose by the time you remember, then it is better to skip the missed dose and give the scheduled dose. Double doses are not advised at all.

Pros of glucosamine injection

  • Quickly reaches the painful joint, within two hours’ time
  • Reduces inflammation and the disease cycle of non-infectious arthritis
  • May eventually reduce the need for NSAIDs for pain relief
  • Helps support the cartilage matrix repair process
  • Gives results much faster and effectively than oral glucosamine
  • Reduces damage to joint and joint fluid
  • Stimulates the production of collagen in the cartilage
  • The body may use it to produce hyaluronic acid in synovial fluid


  • Need to make multiple visits to the vet clinic as it’s an intramuscular injection or you have to at least learn how to give an intramuscular injection
  • More expensive than oral glucosamine
  • There is a chance of dogs biting as they tend to despise getting injections
  • As glucosamine may interfere with glucose metabolism, consult your veterinarian before starting the injections if your dog has diabetes
  • Should be used with caution in dogs suffering from kidney or liver disease and blood clotting or coagulation problems.

How to give glucosamine injections

Being an intramuscular injection, most dog owners prefer taking their dogs to the veterinarian to give a glucosamine injection. However, if you want to avoid making multiple trips to the vet then it is possible to learn how to give the injection at home.

You first have to choose the right place to give the injection. This should be a spot where there is suitable lighting and on a surface that is not slippery for your dog to lie down on. It is generally better to have a friend or family member to help you give your dog the injection, especially if it’s the first time you are doing this. You may need someone to hold your dog tight enough so that your dog’s head is under control.

Preparing for the injection

You first have to ensure the needle is not only clean, but also straight. Then shake the glucosamine bottle so that the medicine remains consistent. Next using one hand, tip the medicine bottle upside down and then place the syringe in its centre hole in the rubber part using the other hand.

Now slowly fill the syringe till it reaches the desired quantity or dose for your dog. You next have to pull out the plunger while making sure that there are no air bubbles in the syringe. In case you notice air bubbles, you have to push the plunger by squirting liquid back into the jar till they disappear. You next have to choose where to give the injection. Most dog owners prefer giving it in the hamstring or the fleshy part of the back leg as there are minimal pain and discomfort here.

Administering the injection

An intramuscular injection, you first have to part your dog’s fur at the injection site so that the skin is visible. Though it’s better, it’s not actually necessary to sterilize the injection spot unless it’s not clean. If you feel it’s better to clean the area, then you can swab it with alcohol. However, you have to wait till the area is completely dry before giving the injection.

You next have to uncap the sterile needle and syringe and hold it like you were holding a pencil. Then scratch the area you plan to inject with your free hand. Keep scratching till you insert the needle as it confuses the ‘pain pathway’ of the nerve endings. This, in turn, makes the injection less painful. Then using a slow, continuous push, insert the needle into the skin and muscle at a ninety-degree angle. The needle should be inserted to its full length, and then push the plunger down to administer the medicine inside the liquid.

It’s now time to carefully withdraw the needle and properly dispose of the needle and syringe in a labelled needle disposable container. Massage the site where you had injected your dog for a few seconds to help in the dissipation of the medicine. This also helps relieve any discomfort the injection may have caused your dog.

About Adequan Canine- a glucosamine injection

Adequan Canine is a prescription glucosamine injection for dogs suffering from osteoarthritis and degenerative joint disease. It is also prescribed to dogs recovering from a surgery and is an injectable polysulfated glycosaminoglycan. Adequan Canine is at present the only FDA approved injection which has been clinically proven to treat arthritis while giving pain relief.

Though there are other medications that can help treat osteoarthritis like Deramaxx and Metacam, Adequan Canine is clinically proven to relieve pain while treating osteoarthritis. There is a DVD available that teaches you how it’s possible to manage canine arthritis in your hospital using Adequan Canine injections. It basically teaches you all about the latest protocols employed for managing joint health and is definitely worth a watch. Instead of just reading about glucosamine injections, it effects and how to administer it, you can watch everything on the DVD.

What are the Differences Between Human and Dog Glucosamine?

what is the difference between human and dog glucosamine

Arthritis is a bone condition where there is a breakdown of the cartilage in the joints. Cartilage is important for the smooth movement of joints. So it is once it starts breaking down that you find it difficult bending, walking and even doing simple, everyday things like getting up from the bed.

This is when arthritis pain starts in joints like legs and hips. It can occur in both humans and most animals, including dogs. And a common treatment option for arthritis in humans and dogs is prescribing joint supplements containing ingredients like glucosamine.

What is glucosamine?

Glucosamine is basically a natural cartilage building block which is used by the body much faster than it’s produced as the body ages. Glucosamine products help replenish these depleting glucosamine levels and in the process, provide some relief from arthritis symptoms.

With both humans and dogs finding relief from arthritis through the same supplements, many wonder if it’s safe to give human glucosamine to dogs and if there is any major difference between the two.

Well, the answer to this question is that while it’s safe to give human glucosamine to dogs, there are these major differences between the two.

  1. Two types of glucosamine

The first thing to know is that there are two types of glucosamine used in joint aide products- glucosamine sulphate and glucosamine hydrochloride. While both types are available at any health store, it’s general products containing glucosamine hydrochloride that are better for your dog as they are more readily absorbed by them.

  1. Varied composition

Different aide products have different compositions where the human supplements are generally made using 99% strength glucosamine hydrochloride. On the contrary, dog specific supplements contain 90% strength glucosamine.

However, if you compare the working between the two, the dog formulas are designed to give the quickest relief from pain. This is because most of the substance is directly absorbed into the dog’s system.

  1. Difference in regulation

Human and dog glucosamine have different regulations. The dog options are generally highly regulated while the human versions are considered more of a dietary aide. This is why they are not regulated by the FDA. So by choosing and giving your dog a dog specific product, you know it’s regulated and know what you are giving your dog.

  1. Price difference

There is a huge difference between the two types of products where the ones meant for dogs are more expensive than the human varieties. This may be attributed to the fact that the dog supplements are FDA regulated.

However, it is not necessary that the most expensive one is always the best. It’s always better to compare the ingredients between different products to ensure you are paying a worthy rate.

  1. Food safety

While the human grade variety is safe to give your dog, those labelled ‘pet food’ or ‘pet grade food’ may contain some ingredients that are not FDA approved or rendered safe by the Meat Inspection Act or Pure Food and Drug Act for human consumption.

This is because many of the pet/animal varieties and foods contain animal products that are not legal or safe for people. On the contrary, dogs and other animals can anytime safely eat human food products.

  1. Food composition

The human grade glucosamine products are usually of a higher quality, and a purer form. Besides, the concentration also differs between different products. The products meant for dogs contain ascorbic acid or manganese, essential for the absorption of glucosamine in the dog.

In addition to this, the dog varieties may be fortified or flavoured with other minerals for your dog’s betterment, and also to make it more palatable to the dog. This is why you have bacon and cheese flavoured products to make them more appetizing to dogs.

So the benefit of giving your dog supplements meant for them is that you know they contain helpful and integral compounds. You also know that they come with the perfect dosage for your dog.

On the contrary, it is the other ingredients in the human varieties which may make a supplement unsafe for your dog. There are in fact some ingredients in some human options like chocolate and xylitol that are fatal to your dog.

  1. Different forms

There is another major difference between a pet and human joint aide product which is its form. The human varieties are meant to be swallowed and dissolved in the human digestive tract. However dogs have a shorter digestive tract than humans, so this means the ingredients have to be absorbed by the body before passing out through the body.

Dog types are generally chewable so that it’s easily broken up to be quickly absorbed. Human types, however, can end up just passing through the dog, without getting absorbed.

So looking at all these differences, you should know by now that the main differences between human and dog glucosamine are its form and dosage. Tablets that are not designed for dogs may not be useful for their joint problem as they will not get absorbed by the dog’s digestive tract.

Besides, there is a difference in the way dogs metabolize some vitamins and minerals when compared to humans. This is why though it’s tempting to give the same human glucosamine you take to your dog, it’s better to find a supplement that’s safe for your pet and has the appropriate dosage guidelines.

You should never give your dog the supplement based on your human dosage as humans and dogs have different glucosamine needs, requirements and dosages.

Doctors best Glucosamine/ Chondroitin MSM capsules Review

There is, however, one human glucosamine supplement that many dog owners take, and have safely given their dogs, which is Doctors best Glucosamine/ Chondroitin MSM capsules.

This is a dietary joint product from the company Doctor’s Best, containing natural and selected ingredients, making it one of the best in the market. It is unique in its working as it stops joint inflammation by attacking the root cause of inflammation. Not only does it treat joint inflammation, but also lubricates the joints and flushes out any anti-oxidation substances in the body.

The main ingredients are:

  • Collagen, cartilage’s major building block, is responsible for our body’s strong cartilage. Poor collagen levels lead to weak cartilage and consequent weak support structure that can lead to eventual joint degradation and pain.
  • Glucosamine sulphate is responsible for regenerating damaged and worn out cartilage and that helps improve joint lubrication and cartilage regeneration. This entire repair, in turn, leads to eventual joint movement and flexibility.
  • Chondroitin works with glucosamine to lubricate joints by attracting moisture to the joints.
  • Methylsulfonylmethane or MSM is a natural sulphur source that’s essential for the body to maintain healthy cell membranes, fight cell inflammation and help repair connective tissue.


The suggested dosage for adults is taking 4 capsules a day with food, or as recommended by your physician.


  • Doctor’s Best Glucosamine Chondroitin constitutes natural ingredients that are safe and effective in fighting and managing joint related problems.
  • Regular use of the supplement helps support joint health and flexibility, supports and maintains the body’s joints and even supports overall hair, nail and skin health.
  • Doctor’s Best is a famous company known for producing high-quality, safe and effective supplements and product, rendering this supplement safe to take too.
  • It is free of gluten, GMOs and soy
  • There is a money-back guarantee

Disadvantages of the product

  • There is the risk of the product not being safe for consumption by people who are allergic to shellfish
  • Though there is a return policy, it works out to be rather cumbersome and expensive to use.
  • You do not receive any free samples with a purchase.

Possible side effects

While there are no major side effects related to Doctor’s Best Glucosamine Chondroitin MSM, it may not be safe for people who are allergic to shellfish. It’s also advised to take this supplement with caution if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. The supplement hasn’t been evaluated safe for use by breastfeeding and pregnant women.


Doctor’s Best Glucosamine Chondroitin constitutes there of the best ingredients for a joint supplement in a single product. The only drawback in it is that it does not have minerals and vitamins to make it the perfect supplement.

With regular use, it reduces joint pain and damage so that you can continue with your work as usual. It in fact not only promotes stronger joints but also helps reduce future possible degeneration.

Though there are dog supplements meant solely for dogs, it’s relatively safe to use Doctor’s Best Glucosamine supplements for your dog. You can give one capsule each in the morning and evening with food and within a few months’ time, you find a noticeable difference in your dog’s gait and fitness. And in case your dog gives some problems taking it, you can always open the capsule and sprinkle it onto your dog food.

Can I give human glucosamine chondroitin to my dog?

You have found out that the limp your dog has is due to joint pain problems or arthritis. And your veterinarian prescribes a glucosamine chondroitin joint supplement for your dog. Though it may not cure osteoarthritis, it’s helpful for providing relief from joint pain and discomfort. This is when you wonder if you could give your dog the same human glucosamine chondroitin you are taking for your joint pain problems. You naturally feel that as both conditions require the same medication, you will save money if both you and your pet took the same treatment. Besides, it’ll also take up less space in your medicine cabinet!

It is true that glucosamine for dogs and human consumption are the same as they come from same or similar sources, and work the same in the different bodies. However, it’ll be better if you gave your pet dog supplements as humans and dogs have different glucosamine needs. It’s essential that you consider these needs before giving your dog human glucosamine as there are differences between the two you need to know:

Human options are comparatively expensive

Human supplements meet rigorous and strict standards of purity and safety than compared to a dog’s one. The additional quality stringencies mean that the manufacturers have to spend more money on their product.

They pass these added costs to consumers by quoting higher rates. So instead of saving money as you’d expected, you end up spending more money!

Problem feeding your dog

While human glucosamine cater to a human’s tastes, and if you don’t like its taste you still take it as you’ve paid for it. Besides, you can always try a new and different brand once the existing supply is over. However, dogs don’t so quickly eat things they don’t like. So if they don’t like the taste, they can’t be reasoned into taking it. You end up having to force feed your dog by pushing pills to the back of their throats or using oral syringes to swallow liquid options. There’s the chance of your dog vomiting when you force feed them, and sometimes liquids given in oral syringes can cause spills.

However, glucosamine for dogs come in forms that are readily given to dogs like treats or to mix in their food. Some powdered options are flavoured so that you can conveniently sprinkle it over your dog’s food and get them to eat it without a fuss. There are also glucosamine gravy and treats that dogs like for their enticing tastes.

May contain chemicals that are dangerous for dogs

And supposing a human glucosamine tastes pleasant, it usually contains chemicals and artificial sweeteners and flavours to remain calorie free while maintaining a pleasant taste. These artificial flavours and chemicals may cause side effects in your dog especially if they are intolerant or allergic to any of them.

Researchers also suspect that some of these substances also encourage weight gain and digestive problems and is connected to cancer and other diseases. While the chemicals will not harm a human’s massive body, dogs have smaller bodies and quickly experience its adverse side effects because the amount of chemicals in it is proportionately higher for their body weight.

Human options may induce weight gain

And if the supplement contains substances that induce weight gain, it’ll only make things worse for your dog as weight gain only encourages injury and wear and tear on your dog’s joints. On the contrary, dog varieties don’t contain much of these artificial flavours and chemicals. If there’s any, it’s in lesser amounts and safe for your dog. Some glucosamine for humans also contain salts that may irritate your dog. There are also some which may contain xylitol or chocolate, which are entirely safe for human consumption but can kill your dog.

However glucosamine for dogs are better for them as they taste better with flavours dogs enjoy like cheese and bacon flavour. So in other words, while it’s comparatively safe to give glucosamine by itself, it’s the other components that may cause problems and need consideration.

Human supplements may contain more glucosamine than required

The right dosage is calculated based on the weight and severity of the problem. In case of humans, adults need about 1,500 mg of glucosamine every day, and the effects appear after a few weeks or months of starting the treatment. Even a dog’s dosage depends on his weight. Dogs weighing 70 pounds may need between 1000 to 1500 a day while smaller dogs need a lower dose. While a bigger dog’s dosage may coincide with a human’s dosage, smaller dogs need less glucosamine.

So it’s important you give the right dosage for your dog if you plan to start human supplements and not give more than the recommended dosage. Too much of it can lead to bone growth abnormalities and internal damage like liver and kidneys damage in your dog with prolonged use.

Differences in digestive systems

The difference in the digestive tract and systems of dogs and humans is another reason why it’s better to give your dog pet supplements. Human varieties are made to be swallowed and dissolved in the human digestive tract.

However, a dog’s digestive tract is shorter than a human’s so there’s not much time for it to get absorbed before passing through the dog’s body. However chewable pet forms let the dog break the tablets up for easy absorption while human glucosamine tablets just end up passing through the dog.


So looking at all this, if you want to know ‘Can I give human glucosamine chondroitin to my dog?” well the answer is yes and no. It all depends on the supplement. If it contains just pure glucosamine chondroitin and is in a palatable liquid or powder form, and if it’s the correct dosage for your dog to get absorbed entirely, then it’s safe and beneficial at providing relief from your dog’s joint health.

However if the human variety contains other dangerous chemicals, artificial flavourings and if you cannot regulate the amount of glucosamine your dog gets per dose, then it’s better to give your pet dog supplements.

Why Glucosamine Chondroitin supplements are better for dogs

why glucosamine chondroitin supplements are better for dogs

One of the most common health problems your dog may face is bone and joint diseases like arthritis and hip or elbow dysplasia. While painkillers can provide temporary relief, joint supplements or chondroprotective help reduce joint damage and give your dog relief from pain and discomfort.

While veterinarians do prescribe these supplements to treat injured joints, you can also start giving them early in your pet’s life as a preventive measure. With as many as 80-90% of senior dogs suffering from arthritis, it’s highly likely that your pet too will develop it as he grows old. So he will benefit by taking these supplements as a preventive measure.

How glucosamine chondroitin works

Joint supplements help control and prevent inflammation, especially in areas with fluids and mucus. So it not only helps treat joint problems but can also help ease various other health problems. It can give relief to a hacking kennel cough induced by an inflamed trachea with mucous lining. Even problems like eye inflammations and frequent urination benefits from glucosamine and chondroitin.

And as some pets may develop stomach ulcers by taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucosamine chondroitin joint supplements are a better and safer treatment option for them. Besides, the stomach’s mucus or fluid layer of protection benefits from chondroprotective nutraceuticals like glucosamine and chondroitin and improves your dog’s health.

As joint supplements work naturally by changing body cells one at a time, it may take a few weeks to see any results. However just as they are slow to show changes, they also slowly leave the body if you stop giving your dog the supplement. So there will be some continued improvement after discontinuing the supplement for some time. There’s, however, no need to stop the supplement if your dog responds to it as these chondroprotective supplements are safe to use for extended periods, even a lifetime.

Different types of glucosamine supplements

The problem, however, lies in giving your dog the supplements as they come in various forms which your dog may dislike like tablets or liquid supplement. In fact, sometimes the struggle to get your dog to take the supplement can aggravate the condition and make it painful for your pet.

To make things worse, there is a chance of your dog thinking that the pain is because of the supplement you are trying to give, which in turn makes him even more reluctant and uncooperative to take the supplement. You can avoid all this if you give your dog his supplements using less stressful methods. Your dog’s weight is vital to assess your dog’s glucosamine needs. The standard dose is 750 mg of glucosamine for 50 pounds of your dog’s weight. It’s based on this that you have to choose if you want to give glucosamine in a pill, liquid or chewable form to your dog.


Most people find it most difficult to give a tablet to their dogs as he may not only refuse taking it but may also throw it out after swallowing it! There’s also the risk of your dog vomiting the pill if you force it down his throat, which is wasteful and creates a mess. Like some dog owners, you could consider mixing the pill with his food so that he eventually swallows it. However, there’s still the risk of your dog spitting out the pill or eating everything in the bowl, but the tablet.

In case you want to try forcing or shoving the pill down your dog’s mouth, you could hold his head down, and place the tablet deep into his mouth. Then close his mouth to prevent spitting it out. Whatever you do, make sure you check he has ingested the tablets as dogs can get tricky and stubborn if they have no intention of taking the pill!


Instead of going through all this trouble of giving pills, you could opt to provide chewable glucosamine chondroitin for dogs. It’s an easy means of ensuring your dog gets his recommended daily glucosamine. The chews are usually palatable and meaty, so there’s no need of encouraging your dog to eat it.

Treats are a better option for small statured dogs that need only one or two of them every day. This is because supplements in chewable treat form are made using calculated dosages for dogs weighing less than 50 pounds. While you can also give them to bigger dogs, they may need four to five chews everyday which can get expensive for you!

Liquid form

Liquid supplements usually come with a meaty taste and can be sprinkled over your dog’s food, which your dog will readily eat. There is also the gravy form that has a more meaty flavour. These options may, however, work out to be expensive if you have larger dogs and are better for dogs with a light appetite or who doesn’t empty his food.

Powder form

Glucosamine powder is comparatively the cheapest option available and can be sprinkled on your dog’s food. However, there’s the chance of your dog not eating it because he can make out the change in the food’s texture or flavour. Another option is making a paste with some water and using an oral syringe to give to your dog. This again may be difficult to feed bigger dogs as its difficult holding them down to do all this.

While the different types of the supplement have their advantages and disadvantages, the chewable glucosamine chondroitin for dogs seems to be the best option available. Not only are they tastier and readily accepted by your dog, but their nutrients are also easily absorbed as your dog chews them.

Just remember that different supplements have different mixtures of glucosamine and chondroitin. So choose wisely based on your pet’s weight, size, condition and any other medical factors where he may require more of the supplement. This is why it’s better to consult with your veterinarian to ensure your dog receives the necessary amount of glucosamine chondroitin through his chews.

How often should I give my dog glucosamine?

how often should i give my dog glucosamine

Glucosamine is a naturally occurring compound found in the body’s cartilage and synovial fluid. It helps maintain the bone structure and repairs any damages inflicted on it. While humans who have arthritis have been taking the supplement to soothe aching joints and prevent the disease, it’s now also given to dogs to help treat arthritis in dogs too.

Yes, dogs too suffer from deterioration of their joints and ligaments which leads to pain and mobility problems. Their inactivity can lead to other problems if not taken care of promptly. Veterinarians suggest changing the dog’s diet by giving them food that is infused with glucosamine.

While this may provide relief to some dogs suffering from joint pain, it may not be enough for other dogs. This is when you have to give them oral supplements containing glucosamine, with your veterinarian’s consultation.

Giving glucosamine supplements to your dog

Glucosamine supplements give your dog lots of relief from the pain and discomfort of arthritis. It’s when you spot signs of possible arthritis in your dog that you should consult your vet about the condition immediately to find out how you can give him relief from the pain and discomfort.

Glucosamine supplements for dogs come in various forms like chewable treats, pills, powders and liquids. However, this doesn’t mean that you can randomly pick and start giving your dog any one of the supplements. You have to make your choice based on your veterinarians’ suggestions which are usually based on your pooch’s breed and specific needs.

Sometimes glucosamine supplements may also be suggested for your dog as a preventive measure. Remember, the adage ‘prevention is better than cure’. It applies to your dog too as it’s always better to have him hale and healthy instead of waiting for him to start developing joint problems and then start giving him the supplement.

Most dogs are somewhat receptive to glucosamine supplements, and it’s not so difficult to give it to them. You have first to try giving the supplement to your dog directly, and if he refuses to consume it, you could camouflage it. This can be done by breaking up the pill or capsule and mixing it in his food, or you can wrap it in his favourite snack like cheese, deli meat or any of your dog’s favourite munchies.

How to choose the right joint supplement for dogs

There are many brands and types of joint supplements for dogs available in various dosages, forms and prices. They usually contain other ingredients along with glucosamine-like chondroitin, MSM, Vitamins E, D and C, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, yucca or garlic; it’s essential that you read it’s list of ingredients before giving the supplement to your dog.

Supplements suggesting a dosage of one 1500 mg tablet per 40 pounds of your dog’s body weight will not deliver 1500 mg of glucosamine as there are other ingredients in the supplement. It may have only 1000 mg of glucosamine, which may be insufficient for your dog.

These discrepancies in dosage and accurate ingredient labeling occur because these supplements are not medications and are thus not regulated by the FDA. So make sure you do your research, calculations and consultations with your vet before giving supplements to your dog. It is always better to choose supplements that have a guaranteed analysis and contact the company for third-party testing proof or verification of the report.

It is always better to start giving your dog a supplement with a single substance, or rather only glucosamine. This way you can not only accurately gauge its effects and benefits on your dog, but also find out how well your dog accepts the supplement. Once you feel your dog is comfortable with the supplement, and then you may try other supplements with additional ingredients.

Of the many ingredients found in these supplements, chondroitin sulphate is one ingredient that’s as important and effective at improving joint health like glucosamine. It’s because medical professionals believe that it helps hold or retain fluids in the cartilage, which in turn promotes joint mobility.

How often should I give my dog glucosamine?

Any of the standard delivery methods for glucosamine supplementation like pills, capsules, liquid, powder or intramuscular injections is efficient and acceptable for your dog. However when you are starting a supplement, start with a higher dosage level than in injections.

It helps compensate for the degradation that occurs during digestion. In case of injections, the glucosamine directly reaches the bloodstream and gives faster results than other supplements which are why it’s administered in lower dosages. Pills, capsules, powders and liquids all degrade at about the same rate in the stomach.


Comparing supplement costs

If you are comparing the costs of glucosamine supplements, you have to compare the cost per daily dosage of each product and not the price per ounce or tablet. As the amount of glucosamine per ounce or pill varies, you have to calculate the daily dosage cost for each product to find its exact value.

Also buy a supplement with a reasonable everyday dosage as some products need you give as many as eight capsules, twice or thrice a day for large dogs, which is a waste!

While glucosamine supplements will indeed help give your dog relief from the pain and discomfort of arthritis, you also have to maintain a healthy diet and provide your dog with sufficient exercise for relief from the discomfort of arthritis.

How to choose supplements with glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for dogs

glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for dogs

Did you know that dogs experience some similar aging health problems as humans? For example, they can develop arthritis which affects as many as 10 million adult dogs in the USA itself.

And it’s not easy seeing your dog limping around in discomfort and pain because of pain in their joints and hips. If you want to do something about it, you can by giving supplements containing glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate for dogs.

The problem, however, is that there are so many joint supplements available, it’s somewhat tricky finding the right one for your dog. Things get confusing when you ask friends and family for suggestions as different dogs respond differently to various supplements and dosages.

And it’s a waste of time and money trying out different products to see how your dog responds to them. While your veterinarian can help you out, it’s also better if you keep yourself informed about the available options.

Besides, you need to be careful while looking for joint supplements containing glucosamine for dogs because the nutraceutical market doesn’t have any regulatory laws or quality control board. So here’s some help in finding the right supplements for your dog.

1.Does he need one?

You need to find out if your dog needs a supplement as some dogs improve just through weight loss and regular, gentle exercises. However, you may have to start supplements if your dog finds it difficult even to stand or sit, performing even mild activities and tends to sleep more than usual. Also, loss of appetite, hot, swollen joints and a stiff and difficult-looking gait are all signs of arthritis that needs medication and pain relief.

2. Buy from reputable companies

If you are sure, your dog needs a supplement, make sure you buy something from reputable companies. This is important as the FDA doesn’t regulate dietary supplements. You have to check for the reliability, safety and quantity of ingredients used in the supplements by learning more about the company you plan to buy.

3. Learn about ingredients used

You need to find out if the components used in the product were tested for safety and efficiency in treating arthritis in clinical trials. Sometimes testimonials and letters attesting a product’s efficacy you find on the manufacturer’s website may be fake.

Even product reviews aren’t trustworthy as they may be made up. So look for a scientific analysis conducted by an independent company or university with data mentioning how effective the ingredients and supplements are.

The common ingredients in joint supplements are chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. They are structural components of healthy cartilage tissue which treats and controls osteoarthritis pain.

Other ingredients you may find in supplements include natural anti-inflammatories like omega-3 fatty acids, Boswellia, bromelain, ASU, MSM, vitamins C and D and bone health supporting ingredients like calcium, magnesium and vitamin E.

4. Place of manufacture

You also have to choose your supplement based on its area of production. Don’t rely only on the company’s office address listed on the bottle. You need to find out if the product is manufactured in the USA if that’s where it’s claimed to be produced.

This is essential as even though the ingredients may be safe and effective, you receive an adulterated supplement if it’s manufactured in a dirty manufacturing plant or while using poorly maintained equipment. Though there’s no guarantee, it’s safer to buy made in USA supplements than products made in countries like China, India or Mexico.

5. Ingredients’ place of origin

Most manufacturers outsource their components from the open market and don’t create their ingredients. Find out where the ingredients come from as though the product may be manufactured in the USA, the ingredients have to come from reputable sources.

You need to know if the glucosamine, chondroitin sulphate and other ingredients in the supplement are safe for your dog. There should not be any adulteration in the ingredients before they are used for making supplements as it only reduces the supplement’s working abilities

Remember, you will be regularly giving these joint supplements for dogs, for perhaps the rest of their life. And if there’s something unsafe in them, then while your dog may get some joint pain relief, they may end up suffering from some other complications or problems.

6. Right proportion and amount of ingredients

You also have to find out if the supplement contains the right amount of different ingredients for your dog size. For example, if your dog weighs eighty pounds, he needs about 1500 mg of MSM every day.

So while glucosamine supplements with 1000 mg of glucosamine and 500 mg of MSM will give him sufficient glucosamine, he only gets a third of the required MSM. As MSM, Glucosamine and Chondroitin sulphate are prescribed only once a day, supplements containing just 500 mg of MSM will not provide much joint pain relief to your dog.

Most pet owners make the mistake of just reading labels and giving the listed dose once a day. It’s usually products containing a bevy of ingredients that are more likely to hold the wrong proportion of ingredients in them. You thus end up with a supplement that is not so effective at treating your dog.

As other ingredients in the product may lead to the supplement’s poor absorption and efficiency, you need to find out not only how much glucosamine and chondroitin the supplement contains, but also if it contains other ingredients which may inhibit its performance.

These six tips should help you choose the right joint supplement for your dog. But remember, that you also have to incorporate a healthy diet for joints, and encourage your dog to do some regular light, gentle exercises. You can’t expect miracles from the supplements. They work better if taken while following a healthy, nutritional and meat-based diet with regular, mild exercise.

Last, but not least, make sure you regularly give your dog it’s supplements, and be patient for results. Your dog will take some time for improvement and feel better with the supplement. Of course, always consult your veterinarian before you start your supplements no matter if you are starting it for joint pain relief or as a preventative measure.

What’s the difference between Dasquin and Cosequin for my dog?

difference between Dasquin and Cosequin for my dog

It’s when your once active pet dog grows hesitant to climb stairs or finds it difficult moving around as usual that you start thinking and realise that something’s wrong. It indicates that they have joint pain, which is a significant problem in dogs.

Yes, dogs too experience osteoarthritis as they age where the joints’ protective cartilage cushioning wears with time. And they feel intense pain when the bones rub against each other against the thinned cartilage protection. While this condition can’t be treated, dog supplements like Dasquin and Cosequin help control it.

Both of them are excellent supplements from Nutramax labs and are safe for your dog. They, in fact, have many similarities between them, and a few differences.

Difference between Dasquin and Cosequin for dogs

It’s easier defining the differences between the two by first learning more about each supplement and their similarities. Both are supplements formulated to help provide relief from doggy arthritis to give relief from joint pain like hip dysplasia and other joint problems. Both are easy to give to your dogs as they come in chewable, tasty tablets and not a regular pill.

Cosequin is a dog supplement that helps maintain and promote your dog’s proper joint health and condition. It’s the glucosamine, MSM and chondroitin in it that does all this. With regular use, it can help your dog quickly climb your home stairs as usual, and even jump and run as usual.

Dasquin is similar to Cosequin in its functioning; it is also given to dogs to help maintain their joint health and condition. It also contains MSM, chondroitin and glucosamine and works at increasing the production of your dog’s cartilage matrix. However, it has an additional ingredient that keeps it a step ahead of Cosequin and makes it a stronger and more effective supplement for your dog.

ASU- Avocado-Soybean Unasponifiables- The X-factor

It contains the ingredient ASU, which is Avocado-Soybean Unasponifiables, which is absent in Cosequin.  ASU is calculated amounts of soybean and avocado concentrated oil extracts. Studies have proven that this is a much better ingredient in preventing and delaying the production of cartilage breakdown compounds in your dog.

It’s shown to be helpful in repairing your dog’s stiff, sore and damaged joints as it directly targets Prostaglandin E2 synthesis, the inflammation marker that triggers cartilage destruction. Effects of ASU on your dog are comparable to the results experienced after taking aspirin for pain relief.

Now the question arises if it’s worth paying more and giving your dog Dasquin instead of Cosequin. Well, it’s not a question with a generic answer as it all depends on your dog and his condition. Your veterinarian is a better judge to decide which supplement is better and necessary to help provide your dog with pain relief.

Your vet will evaluate your dog’s condition and determine if you have to spend more for the ASU in Dasquin or if the cheaper Cosequin is more than enough for your dog. So while Cosequin can help your dog rebuild its joint cartilage with its essential components, Dasquin is more helpful for dogs that are in severe pain.

When and how to give it to your dog

Once you realise the similarities and differences between the two supplements, you need to know when and why you have to give these supplements to your dog. Some dog food manufacturers create lots of hype about their dog food containing the same ingredients found in these supplements.

However as dog food does not contain that much of the ingredients, your dog won’t get as much MSM, glucosamine and chondroitin, and ASU, from any dog food as they would get from Cosequin or Dasquin.

As both supplements are available as chewable tablets, your dog enjoys chewing it as they feel they are getting a treat. So there’s no need to go through any battles with your dog trying to make them take the supplements. You can even opt to mix the chewable tablets with your dog’s food so that they get a tastier meal. It’s when your dog suffers from any of the below-mentioned conditions, that they will be given a supplement.


This is the main reason to give the supplements to your dog as they help provide relief from the pain and discomfort of joint pain. They also help your dog regain their body flexibility and movements so that they feel and move about as freely as they used to before.

Hip dysplasia

This is another condition the supplements can help where your dog has deformed or not correctly placed hip joints.

Joint problems

Both supplements not only provide arthritic pain relief but also help treat and solve most dogs’ joint pain problems. But they will not be of much use in treating conditions requiring veterinarian or surgical intervention.


Both supplements prove helpful at repairing cartilage damaged by physical injuries so that your dog can resume normal body functioning.

Aging process

Stiff joints, reduced flexibility and slow reduction in your dogs’ movements are all part of your dog’s aging process. This is when these supplements help at providing some relief from these symptoms by minimising and prolonging deterioration so that they don’t feel so much discomfort.

Which is better- Dasquin or Cosequin?

As you can see, both supplements are so much similar in function and ingredients. With ASU being the only significant difference between the two, you wonder if it is better and needed. Well, opinions waver about this.

While some dog owners claim that they notice a significant improvement in their dog when they switch from Cosequin to Dasquin, others say that there’s not much difference. They in fact state that they return to giving their dog Cosequin as it is a slightly cheaper option, and still works efficiently at providing joint pain relief.

So it can be said that Dasquin is a better option for dogs suffering from severe arthritis or hip dysplasia, and need some extra relief and help in treating their problems. Cosequin may be a better option if your dog is suffering from some minor irritation or if you have a large dog breed needing some additional joint protection.

Of course, you should always consult your veterinarian before starting any supplement, especially if you are giving your dog medications for other problems like diabetes.

Are There Side Effects of Cosequin for Dogs?

Cosequin for dogs doesn’t have any significant side effects, and it’s safe to give it to your dog for as long as needed. It’s only if you don’t follow the recommended dosage by the manufacturer, or your veterinarian as per your dog’s age, weight and condition that these possible side effects are triggered:

Vomiting and upset stomach

As gastrointestinal side effects are mostly associated with Cosequin, some dogs may get a bout of vomiting when first given it. Giving Cosequin with food instead of giving it on an empty stomach helps avoid this. Some dogs may suffer from gastrointestinal pain or discomfort which can be resolved by giving Cosequin with or after a meal.


Too large doses of Cosequin can trigger diarrhoea. Following the dosage can prevent it, and if necessary, a consultation with your veterinarian for a remedy to the problem.


As chondroitin has blood-thinning properties, combining Cosequin with other prescription drugs like inflammatory drugs is risky. This is why it’s also better to discontinue taking the supplement if your dog has any scheduled surgeries or related medical procedures.

Allergic reactions

As Cosequin is a supplement and not registered by the Food and Drug Administration like other prescribed veterinary drugs, there is a chance of your dog suffering from allergies because of glucosamine or chondroitin. It’s also observed that dogs allergic to beef tend to exhibit allergic reactions while taking Cosequin. So it’s better to report anything you notice amiss after giving your dog the supplement to your veterinarian.

Loss of appetite

As the initial Cosequin dosages are high, there will be severe loss of appetite in your dog when you start giving it Cosequin. This is best dealt with by tempting your dog with its favourite dishes.

Are There Side Effects of Dasquin for Dogs?

Like Cosequin, Dasquin for dogs doesn’t have any significant side effects and can safely be given to your dog for as long as needed. It’s only if you don’t follow the manufacturers or your veterinarian’s recommended dosage for your dog’s age, weight and condition that the same possible side effects as Cosequin are triggered.

While the ASU in Dasquin is safe for your dog, if your dog has a severe allergy to avocados, then it may be better to refrain from giving Dasquin and give Cosequin instead. However, most dogs don’t have any problem as even if they are sensitive to avocado, the amounts of avocado used are minimal.

However, the effectiveness and dangers of Dasquin have not been verified for pregnant, breeding or lactating dogs, so it’s better to refrain from giving it to them. It’s also not advised to give Dasquin to dogs suffering from asthma or for dogs with a history of clotting disorders or who are taking anticoagulant medications as it can trigger severe effects.

So while Cosequin and Dasquin are both safe supplements for your dog, and does provide relief from joint pain and joint diseases, it’s a non-prescription medication. Like any other non-prescription medicine, it’s better to start using it only after consulting your veterinarian and under their prescription and dosage.


Now that you know all about these two supplements, Dasquin and Cosequin, here’s a final word to wrap up the debate. The first thing to remember is that you are giving these supplements to help provide joint pain relief to your dog and make life much more comfortable for them.

As both are similar in function, there’s no definite answer to which is a better supplement. It mainly depends on what your dog is suffering from, and how severe or mild it is. Dogs suffering from slight, superficial joint pain can get relief from Cosequin.

However, dogs suffering from excruciating and increasing joint pain don’t get much relief from Cosequin. Dasquin is a better option for its stronger properties and extra ASU ingredient.

It’s your veterinarian who will be able to finally decide what supplement to give your dog as they are most competent about the matter and understand your dog and his pain much better. Remember, dogs are unique and age differently to suffer from different health problems. There’s no generic solution for any health problem; medication and diagnosis are done based on the dog, his condition and its severity.


Glucosamine Dosage for Dogs

glucosamine for dogs dosage

What is the Glucosamine dosage for dogs and how often should I give it?

Cartilage is the body’s supportive tissue that ensures the smooth functioning of joints, Glucosamine is a natural building block for the body which unfortunately uses faster than it can produce. It’s when cartilage breaks down that arthritis occurs in especially the leg and hip joints. This is when your dog becomes stiff and cannot move properly because of worn joints. Glucosamine is therefore given to help restore the lost glucosamine, and provide relief from canine arthritis symptoms. You have to consult your veterinarian to find out what is the best glucosamine dosage for dogs. They will make calculations based on your dog’s weight.

Diagnosis and treatment

Your veterinarian will first ascertain your dog has arthritis by performing tests to rule out other diseases and infections. Your vet will check for hot or warm joints that are typical signs of infection and arthritic inflammation. Glucosamine is a preferred treatment option for early arthritis if your dog can’t take pain-relief drugs. It’s made from shellfish and is available over the counter without any prescriptions. It’s available in the form of tablets, powder, and capsules, liquid and is also an ingredient in most canine treats and food.

There are so many types of glucosamine supplements available, with variable quantities and qualities of active ingredients, that it’s difficult finding or calculating the exact dosage for your dog. You have to consult your veterinarian not only to find the best dosage for your dog but also to find out which is the best supplement to take. While glucosamine is usually given after surgery or if your dog has joint stiffness or arthritis, it’s also possible for your veterinarian to prescribe it as a preventative measure.

The right dosage

Your dog typically needs 500mg of glucosamine for every 25 pounds of weight.

  • 5 to twenty pounds needs 250-500 mg
  • 20-45 pounds needs 500 mg, 
  • 45-90 pounds needs 1000 mg
  • 90+ pounds needs 1500 mg.

The dose will be increased or reduced based on your dog’s weight and is usually split into two doses to be given twelve hours apart.

It’s also better to ask your veterinarian for the right initial or loading dose which your dog has to take for four to six weeks, and it’s only after that that the regular dose is doubled to boost glucosamine levels. Once you notice your dog moving much more comfortably with minimal symptoms, you can reduce your dog’s glucosamine dosage to the regular dose. And in case of symptoms do seem to return, later on, your vet will once again suggest increasing its dosage. Though most supplements mention the exact dosage of glucosamine on its label, it’s always better to consult your veterinarian for the right dosage. Of the lot, liquid supplements are considered the best for your dog as it is conveniently mixed with food.

Dosage when pet food also contains glucosamine

Now that you know the glucosamine dosage for your dog, you next wonder if you should make any changes to the dosage if your dog food has glucosamine. It’s true that most of the pet food companies do add glucosamine, and even chondroitin in their senior or large breed pet food. However, it’s a bit difficult to ascertain if your dog is getting enough of it from the foods.

Manufacturers mention how much of glucosamine they have in their food as ‘mg/kg’ of the pet food supplement. So considering this, your dog food should have 1500 milligram per kilogram of glucosamine in it to be regarded as an ideal maintenance dose.

Only a few pet food brands contain so much glucosamine. Besides, even if the pet food does contain glucosamine, it’s absorption is not proven nor is it proven if glucosamine will remain intact or also useful when added to pet food. This is why a supplement is always a better option.

Giving supplements to your dog

As mentioned earlier, glucosamine comes in chewable tablets, capsules with sprinkles or liquid form. You can add the tablet to your dog’s food so that it’s tasty flavour leeches into the food and entices your dog to consume it while eating his pet food. In case of capsules with sprinklers, you can split open the capsule and sprinkle its contents on the food and give it to your dog as usual.

However, if your dog doesn’t have any specific joint problems, but you want to prevent the possibility of injuries, pains and aches in the future, then you may consider first switching to a dog food brand that contains glucosamine.

Not only is it a low dosage, but your dog also gets used to the supplement and will not react much while taking supplements in the future. It’s also much better than immediately starting on large glucosamine supplements which in rare cases, may not agree with your dog.

Signs your pet benefits from glucosamine supplements

You should notice positive changes in your dog within five to eight weeks of starting the supplements. Signs to look out for in your dog are less stiffness, a much better attitude to life because of the improved life quality and more interest to play.

In case you notice that there are no definite improvements after starting glucosamine, it may mean that the dosage is low for your dog. If your dog does not like taking tablets or capsules, it’s better switching to a powder or liquid supplement that’s easily mixed with dog food. If there still seems to be no improvement in your dog after a month, then your veterinarian may suggest stopping glucosamine or may even consider prescribing some anti-inflammatory medication for your dog.

Remember, glucosamine is no wonder drug. It’s like any other vitamins and needs time to gradually help provide your dog relief from arthritis and its associated symptoms.

What are the side effects of Glucosamine Chondroitin for dogs?

Glucosamine and Chondroitin side effects

Like humans, aging dogs may also develop joint health problems. They may start finding it difficult moving around and even have joint pain, which is why it’s a problem that shouldn’t be ignored. This is why veterinarians around the world prescribe supplements containing glucosamine chondroitin for dogs detected to be suffering from osteoarthritis.

In fact, glucosamine chondroitin is a leading supplement prescribed to treat canine arthritis. It’s also added to dog foods for health purposes to not only help with canine arthritis and joint problems but also as a preventive measure. It’s also possible to add the supplement to dog treats and other pet edibles.

What is Glucosamine and Chondroitin?

Glucosamine supplements for dogs are usually chemically synthesised or made from the hard polysaccharide shells of different crustaceans. However, chondroitin supplements for pets and dogs typically come from the cartilage of cattle or chicken. Some supplements are made using the cartilage of some sea animals like whales.

Glucosamine is a natural compound of amino acids and sugar which is produced in the cartilage. The body uses it to generate glycosaminoglycans, which improves the cartilage’s smoothness and helps it absorb shock better. It is the cartilage in joints that prevent bones that meet at the joint from causing pain and damage by repeatedly touching each other.

Chondroitin or chondroitin sulphate is sulphated glycosaminoglycan found in the cartilage of not only dogs but also humans and other animals. It not only helps in hydrating the cartilage and keeping it healthy but also controls enzymes at the joint from damaging the cartilage.

This is the reason why glucosamine and chondroitin are prescribed together to treat dog arthritis and other joint related problems. Besides, as some animals tend to metabolise glucosamine or chondroitin differently, veterinarians tend to prescribe both of them to get best arthritic pain and symptomatic relief. Whether prescribed separately or together, they both play an essential part in treating arthritis symptoms in humans, cats and dogs.


As mentioned above, glucosamine and chondroitin are especially useful and helpful at reducing the pain and joint stiffness associated with arthritis or osteoarthritis. Glucosamine helps by slowing down the cartilage degeneration process by providing the cartilage with building blocks that help synthesise new cartilage to treat canine arthritis consequently.

Chondroitin sulphate helps by improving joint elasticity, protecting the joints from cartilage-destroying enzymes and increases the joints resilience to compression.

Side Effects

Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements are relatively safe and don’t have much serious side effects. In fact, it’s scarce that you hear about dogs suffering from severe side effects.

Though the supplements don’t interact with most other drugs and vitamins, it’s always better and safer if you consult with your veterinarian first if your dog is taking medications.

Some of the minor side effects you can expect from glucosamine and chondroitin are:

Gastrointestinal problems

Vomiting and abnormal faeces like diarrhoea or constipation are the most common side effects associated with glucosamine supplements for dogs. If your dog starts vomiting or gets diarrhoea, its best first to decrease amount of the supplement you give, and try giving the supplements with food.


Your dog may suffer from allergic reactions if they are allergic to shellfish. These reactions may be mild where your dog may chew at his feet or maybe severe where your dog goes into anaphylactic shock, which requires immediate veterinarian treatment. In case your dog is allergic to shellfish, its better shifting to glucosamine dog supplements made from corn or other plant products.

Blood-thinning effects

Chondroitin is a blood thinner and may interact with any medication your dog is taking or may aggravate some medical problems. Stop giving the supplement to your dog if he’s scheduled for a dental or surgical procedure. Chondroitin’s blood thinning property can lead to severe and even life-threatening complications in your dog if consumed before surgery.

Affects blood sugar levels

It’s crucial that you regularly check your dog’s blood sugar levels if your dog has diabetes, and your vet recommends giving glucosamine and chondroitin. This is because glucosamine can affect some dogs’ resistance to insulin.

Interaction with painkillers

While glucosamine and chondroitin are individually harmless, it is especially dangerous if combined with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory painkiller drug. So if you are giving your dog painkillers for arthritic pain relief, stop it immediately upon starting these supplements.

There’s nothing much to worry if your dog exhibits any of these side effects as they are all mild problems that are easily treated. Reducing the dosage of glucosamine usually helps control and stop the side effects.

Sometimes dogs starting glucosamine treatment require a higher dosage at first to reap its benefits. This sometimes triggers side effects or rather symptoms of over-supplementation which reduce later on when the dosage is reduced.

Lifetime arthritis treatment

Glucosamine and chondroitin don’t help treat arthritis; they are given to alleviate arthritic symptoms in your dog and make life less painful and more comfortable for them. It’s not possible to restore the bone and cartilage levels only through diet, and cartilage production tends to reduce as pets age.

So administering these supplements helps at slowing the speed of cartilage loss and also helps restore your dog’s glucosamine levels. In other words, you have to continue giving your dog these supplements for the rest of their lives for relief from arthritis pain.

Also, make sure you buy your supplements from reputed manufacturers. And make it a habit of consulting your veterinarian before giving any medications or supplements to your dogs. If it’s safe and advised by your veterinarian, glucosamine and chondroitin can help make life more comfortable for your pets.

And as you never know when arthritis may set in, do keep watching your dog if he starts to show any arthritis symptoms like stiff joints. If you notice any symptoms, you can always consult with your veterinarian about your apprehensions at your yearly checkups about the best time to start giving your dog glucosamine and chondroitin supplements.


Vitamin E dosage for dogs

Vitamin E for dogs

Did you know that dogs too need vitamins, just like us human beings? Amongst the many vitamins, vitamin E plays an integral part in a dog’s diet. It’s a powerful antioxidant that benefits your dog’s health in more ways than one, which is why it should be included in their food.

Most dry dog foods do contain tocopherols, a form of vitamin E, but with a relatively low shelf life. And as your feeding routine may reduce the amount of vitamin E your dog receives, he may require some supplements to prevent serious vitamin E deficiency problems.

Importance of vitamin E

As vitamin E is an antioxidant, it protects cells from free radical damage. It’s also needed to support your dog’s body immunity, to form red blood cells and to prevent blood clotting problems.

Vitamin E deficiency can lead to various problems like reproductive problems in both male and female dogs, retina and digestive tract lining degeneration and degeneration of the skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscles. It can also lead to fluid accumulation under the skin, depression, loss of appetite and thirst, coma and possible death in extreme cases.

Benefits of vitamin E supplements

The right vitamin E dosage improves your dog’s health in the following ways:

Enhanced connective tissue health

Vitamin E promotes your dog’s skin and coat health by supporting connective tissue health by minimizing the loss of skin and muscle elasticity. It’s anti-inflammatory properties also help reduce itching in dogs suffering from allergies.

Better body immunity

While unstable free radicals attack healthy cells and threaten your dog’s immunity, vitamin E improves your dog’s immunity by reducing the formation of free radicals and preventing damage inflicted by severe health problems. In fact, vitamin E supplements help fortify your dog’s immunity to keep him robust and healthy longer.

Improved cardiovascular health

Vitamin E has an integral part in developing your dog’s cardiovascular health by oxygenating the blood and improving heart and artery circulation. It also heals and prevents circulatory diseases like tachycardia and arteriosclerosis.

Treats dry and itchy skin

Dry, itchy and flaky skin is called canine atopic dermatitis (CAD), a common symptom of vitamin E deficiency triggered by an irritant. Vitamin E supplements increase vitamin E levels and reduce CAD symptoms.


Vitamin E also helps promote fertility in dogs, delays their aging process, regulates their digestive system, prevents cataracts and also supports their cellular and respiratory health.

Vitamin E dosage for dogs

Vitamin E is usually available as a soft gel capsule for consumption and oils for external application. It’s safe to administer vitamin E to dogs orally as long as the supplement doesn’t contain any dog-toxic additives.

The ideal feeding formula for your dog depends on factors like the amount of food your dog consumes and their stage of life, size and activity levels. So working, breeding and highly active dog need a higher dosage, which is why it’s better to consult your doctor for the perfect dosage for your dog.

While 4,000 to 6,000 international units (IU) don’t seem to trigger side effects, it’s recommended to give small dogs 400 IU per day for small dogs and large dogs 800 IU per day. Topical vitamin E may be relatively safe but still needs veterinary guidance.

Possible Risks

Vitamin E is indeed beneficial to dogs, but too much of anything is wrong. Excessive vitamin E dosage can increase the body’s tendency to absorb other fat-soluble vitamins, reduce blood coagulation and trigger bleeding problems by disturbing the body’s absorption of vitamins D and K.

Besides, some vitamins and supplements can lead to counterproductive results if taken together. And as different dogs utilize food and supplements differently, it’s always better to consult your veterinarian about the proper vitamin E dosage for dogs before starting any supplement course.

Vitamin E Supplement Reviews

Here are three of the top Vitamin E supplements available from It’s a countdown!


Pure Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil for Dogs

Worried about your dog’s dry and dull coat and creaky joints? Why not help him by supplementing his diet with Wild Omega 3 Fish Oil for Dogs Supplement. It contains 1000IU sunflower vitamin E per 5 ml that efficiently protects against vitamin E deficiency from added fish oil.

This oil may be a bit expensive, but it’s better than the cheaper versions containing heavy metals and toxins. Bonnie and Clyde’s Wild Omega-3 supplements are tested for purity and freshness by a third party program.

Wild Omega-3 has more than 100x the vitamin E found in other brands to effectively replaces any vitamin E your pet loses through his diet. The vitamin E is from a non-GMO, soy-free source and as it’s more concentrated than cod liver and krill oil, it adds fewer fat calories to your pet’s diet.

Unlike other brands, Wild Omega-3 is practically odourless but rich in flavor. The supplement comes in a tightly sealed bottle and a pump for easy serving. 1 pump equals to 2 ml per 20 lbs of your dog’s body weight and should be added every day to their food.


•    Lifetime guarantee with 100% money back guarantee

•    Improves your dog’s skin, coat, joint and heart health

•    Smell removed through deodorization while taste is intact

•    Contains 1000IU sunflower vitamin E per 5 ml

•    Tested by a third party for freshness and purity

•    Can be used for four months after opening if well refrigerated

•    Contains vitamin E

•    Helps control dandruff


•    Overfeeding can induce diarrhea

•    Not meant for dogs with bleeding disorders or on anticoagulant therapy

•    A bit expensive, but expected for its quality

•    Some dogs don’t like its taste


NaturVet All-in-One 4-IN-1 Support for Dogs

Need a multi-supplement for your dog? Well, the NaturVet All-In-One 4-in-1 should be just what you need. These are soft chews comprising of four supplements in a single tablet. It supports your dog’s health in four ways through improved digestion, increased joint mobility, better skin and coat and improved overall health.

The bottle contains 60 made in USA delicious soft chews and contains no wheat or other filler ingredients. It’s perfect for dogs aged more than 12 weeks and will give results if given every day with each meal. The supplement can be equally divided between your dog’s morning and afternoon meals if needed.

NaturVet contains digestive enzymes that improve your dog’s digestion, omegas-3, 6 and 9 to give your dog healthy and shiny skin and coat, glucosamine, and chondroitin for extra joint support and vitamins and minerals supporting his overall health.


•    4-in-1 and multi-functional supplement

•    Helps digestion, improves skin and coat health, improves overall health and provides joint support for optimal joint functioning

•    Does not contain wheat

•    Soft and chewy palatable tablets

•    Made in the USA

•    Comes with a 100% satisfaction guarantee

•    Dosage can be divided between your dog’s morning and afternoon meals if needed


•    Meant for dogs aged 12 weeks and above

•    Some dogs don’t like its taste much

•    Contains too many additives, fillers, and unnatural ingredients

•    Not for dogs with sensitive digestive systems, skin allergies and those on a grain-free or raw diet

•    Price increase


Amazing Nutritionals Omega-3 Fish Oil Chew-able Tablet for Dogs

The Amazing Nutritionals Omega-3 Fish Oil Chew-able tablet not only tastes great, but treats your dog’s skin and coat conditions and protects his heart, joints, and immune system. It helps maintain your dog’s health by giving your dog optimum skin and coat healthy with increased joint mobility.

This is a complete omega 3-6-9 fish oil chewable tablet with bacon and liver flavoring that your dogs will love consuming. It’s safe to take every day as it does not contain any fish, crab, shark, avocado or shrimp that may hurt your pet.

Amazing Nutritionals is made in the USA and is tested by a 3rd party for purity and excellence. It doesn’t have to be refrigerated once opened. Each bottle has 60 free tablets, giving your dog a total of 120 tasty, chewable tablets.


•    100% satisfaction guarantee with 100% money back refund

•    Promotes your dog’s total health through joint pain relief, brain health, a shiny coat and healthy bones

•    Made in the USA

•    Proven safe and effective after third-party testing

•    Marked improvement in dog’s health within 30 days or get a complete refund

•    Bacon and liver flavored

•    Rich in omega 3-6-9 fatty acids

•    No fishy smell and needs no refrigeration

•    Reasonably priced

•    Good customer service


•    Some dogs dislike the taste

•    Can lead to diarrhea and vomiting in some dogs

•    Does not contain additional vitamin E so you may need an extra supplement